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ID: 7004439
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7004439

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Oldenburg (inhabited place)  Oldenburg (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 53 00 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 53.0000  decimal degrees
Long: 008 00 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 8.0000  decimal degrees

Note: The city of Oldenburg is located at the junction of the Hunte River and the Küstenkanal in the Weser-Ems district of the northwestern German state of Lower Saxony. First mentioned in 1108, it was chartered in 1345, it was an important medieval center, the seat of the powerful counts and dukes of Oldenburg. Destroyed by fire in 1615, it was neutral in the Thirty Years' War. In the first half of the 20th century it was the capitol of the now-defunct state of Oldenburg. Surviving historic architecture includes the Lambert Church, built in 1270 and rebuilt in 1794, and the ducal palace, built 1607-15. The city has a university, a state theater, and many art galleries. The major economic activities include textile manufacturing, shipbuilding and shipping, agricultural marketing, meat processing, and glassmaking. The 2004 estimated population was 158,600.

Names:
Oldenburg (preferred,C,V,German-P,U,N)
Oldenburg in Oldenburg (C,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Germany (nation)  ........  Germany (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Lower Saxony (state)  ............  Lower Saxony (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Oldenburg (inhabited place)  ................  Oldenburg (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  first documented in 1108, chartered in 1345
city (C)
district capital (C)
port (C)
agricultural center (C)  ............  for produce of Ostfriesland, also noted for cattle and horse auctions
industrial center (C)
commercial center (C)
shipbuilding center (C)
university center (C)
cultural center (C)
episcopal see (C)
noble seat (H)  ............  for counts and dukes of Oldenburg, from the 17th century

Sources and Contributors:
Oldenburg..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
....................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 2:686
....................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 8: 911
....................  Müllers Deutsches Ortsbuch (1988)
....................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-126
....................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
....................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 888
Oldenburg in Oldenburg..........  [GRLPSC]
.........................................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 2:686
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 8: 911
..................  LC Name Authority Headings. [online] (2002-) Oldenburg (Germany) NAF80118527, accessed 21 July 2004
..................  Müllers Deutsches Ortsbuch (1988)
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-126
..................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 888
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 2:686
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) "Oldenburg." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. 2002-. The city of Oldenburg is located at the junction of the Hunte River and the Küstenkanal in the Weser-Ems district of the northwestern German state of Lower Saxony. First mentioned in 1108, it was chartered in 1345, it was an important medieval center, the seat of the powerful counts and dukes of Oldenburg. Destroyed by fire in 1615, it was neutral in the Thirty Years' War. In the first half of the 20th century it was the capitol of the now-defunct state of Oldenburg. Surviving historic architecture includes the Lambert Church, built in 1270 and rebuilt in 1794, and the ducal palace, built 1607-15. The city has a university, a state theater, and many art galleries. The major economic activities include textile manufacturing, shipbuilding and shipping, agricultural marketing, meat processing, and glassmaking. The 2004 estimated population was 158,600. (21 July 004)

 

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