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ID: 7004424
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7004424

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Karlsruhe (inhabited place)  Karlsruhe (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 49 00 17 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 49.0047  decimal degrees
Long: 008 23 09 E  degrees minutes   Long: 8.3858  decimal degrees

Note: The city of Karlsruhe is located near the Rhine River on the edge of the Black Forest in the state of Baden-Württemberg in southwestern Germany. It was founded as a residence by the margrave of Baden-Durlach, Karl Wilhelm, in 1715, who built a castle there near his hunting lodge. The city was designed on a radial plan around the tower of the castle with most of its important public building designed in the Neoclassical style. There are many museums, educational institutions, and the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany. An industrial harbor was built on the Rhine in 1901. Severely damaged in World War II; today its factories produce machinery, bicycles, and radio equipment. It has oil refineries with pipelines to Strasbourg, Marseilles, and Ingolstadt, as well as a nuclear reactor and research center. Its 2004 estimated population was 283,000.

Names:
Karlsruhe (preferred,C,V,English-P,U,N)  ............ used from 1715, meaning "Karl's retreat," referring to nearby hunting lodge of margrave Karl Wilhelm
Karlsruhe (German-P,U,N)
Carlsruhe (C,O)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Germany (nation)  ........  Germany (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Baden-Württemberg (state)  ............  Baden-Württemberg (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Karlsruhe (inhabited place)  ................  Karlsruhe (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  founded in 1715, planned city was laid out in 19th century
city (C)
district capital (C)
manufacturing center (C)
scientific center (C)  ............  noted as site where Heinrich Hertz discovered radio waves; has been nuclear research center since 1956
educational center (C)  ............  noted for Germany's oldest technical college, founded in 1825
noble seat (H)

Sources and Contributors:
Carlsruhe..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
....................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
....................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Karlsruhe..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
....................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 464
....................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
....................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VI, 744-745
....................  Müllers Deutsches Ortsbuch (1988)
....................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
....................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 97
....................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
....................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
....................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 592
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 464
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VI, 744-745
..................  LC Name Authority Headings. [online] (2002-) Karlsruhe (Germany) NAF79013825, accessed 11 Feb. 2004
..................  Müllers Deutsches Ortsbuch (1988)
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1803994
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 97
..................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 592
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 11 Feb. 2004

 

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