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ID: 7004335
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7004335

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Würzburg (inhabited place)  Würzburg (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 49 47 16 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 49.7878  decimal degrees
Long: 009 56 10 E  degrees minutes   Long: 9.9361  decimal degrees

Note: The city of Würzburg is located in the district of Unterfranken in south-central Germany, lying on the canalized Main River. Celts and Romans were established here, although no settlement was mentioned until 704. St. Bonaface set up a bishopric here in 741-742, and by the 12th century these bishops also ruled as dukes of Franconia. Würzburg was an important medieval city; and thrived as a splendid episcopal see until 1802 when it was secularized and passed to Bavaria. In 1805 it joined the Confederation of the Rhine, in 1814 returned to Bavaria, and became again an episcopal see in 1921. It was an important city for the Nazis, and was badly damaged in World War II. However, it underwent thorough reconstruction, and much of its historic architecture was restored, notably the episcopal residence designed by Balthasar Neumann, the medieval Main Bridge, the Marienberg Fortress whose courtyard contains the Round Church, one of the oldest churches, 706, existing in Germany now. There are many other medieval, Baroque, and Rococo churches. The University of Würzburg founded in 1582 still operates. The modern city produces paper, electronics, steel, and wine. The 2004 estimated population was 132,900.

Names:
Würzburg (preferred,C,V,German-P,U,N)
Wirteburch (H,V)  ............ name documented in 8th cen.

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Germany (nation)  ........  Germany (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Bavaria (state)  ............  Bavaria (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Würzburg (inhabited place)  ................  Würzburg (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  was settled by Celts, Romans established a camp here
city (C)
district capital (C)
port (C)
industrial center (C)
agricultural center (C)  ............  for surrounding grape-growing area
episcopal see (C)  ............  established by St. Boniface in 741, bishops gained ducal authority by 12th century, bishopric secularized in 1801, revived 1817
university center (C)  ............  first university was founded in 1403, current university was founded in 1582 by Bishop Julius and was a Jesuit center
political center (H)  ............  for several diets of Holy Roman Empire

Sources and Contributors:
Wirteburch..........  [VP]
.......................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XII, 784
Würzburg..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 2:1027-1028
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
.................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1353
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 2:1027-1028
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XII, 784
..................  LC Name Authority Headings. [online] (2002-) Würzburg (Germany), NAF80139921, accessed 13 May 2004
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1891486
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1353
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 2:1027-28
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 13 May 2004
..........  World Gazetteer [online] (1990-2006) accessed 13 May 2004

 

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