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ID: 7004264
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Ferrara (inhabited place)  Ferrara (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 44 50 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 44.8333  decimal degrees
Long: 011 35 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 11.5833  decimal degrees

Note: Located on a branch of the Po river. It was captured from the exarchate of Ravenna by the Lombards in 753. It went to the papacy in 774 and became independent in the 10th century. It suffered internal strife between rival families in the 12th century. It was held by House of Este 1240-1598, then by the Pope. Some important architecture was damaged in WW II; named as part of an UNESCO World Heritage site with the Po Delta.

Names:
Ferrara (preferred,C,V)
Forum Alieni (H,V)  ............ name of ancient site that was probably located at Ferrara
Ferrarese (C,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Italy (nation)  ........  Italy (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Emilia-Romagna (region (administrative division))  ............  Emilia-Romagna (region (administrative division)) (P)
Hierarchy of Ferrara (province)  ................  Ferrara (province) (P)
Hierarchy of Ferrara (inhabited place)  ....................  Ferrara (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  believed to be the site of the ancient Forum Alieni, although the town has not been definitively documented before AD 753
city (C)
provincial capital (C)
agricultural center (C)  ............  for fruit produced in surrounding district, which is reclaimed marshland
transportation center (C)  ............  is an important hub for rail traffic
industrial center (C)  ............  developed after WW II; produces chemicals, sugar, alcohol, hemp products & shoes
cultural center (C)  ............  noted for architecture, valuable library & museums of art & archaeology; site of house of poet Ariosto (died here in 1533)
university center (C)  ............  founded in 1391
World Heritage Site (C)  ............  from 1995

Sources and Contributors:
Ferrara..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 4:744-745
.................  Gallerie degli Uffizi database (1987-)
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Times Atlas of the World. Reprint ed. (1994) 65
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Ferrarese..........  [VP]
....................  Grove Art Online (2008-)
Forum Alieni..........  [FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
.......................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 292
.......................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 12600
.......................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 292
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IV, 744-745; 4:744-745
..................  Gallerie degli Uffizi database (1987-)
..................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 12600
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -117387
..................  Times Atlas of the World. Reprint ed. (1994) 65
..................  UNESCO World Heritage Centre [online] (1992-) accessed 20 July 2010
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  UNESCO World Heritage Centre [online] (1992-) accessed 20 July 2010

 

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