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ID: 7003897
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7003897

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Messina (inhabited place)  Messina (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 38 11 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 38.1833  decimal degrees
Long: 015 34 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 15.5667  decimal degrees

Note: Founded by Greeks from Chalcis; destroyed by Carthaginians 397 BCE; was Roman free city 241 BCE; taken by Goths, Byzantines, Arabs (842), Crusader Richard I of England (1190); ruled by Angevins, Aragonese, then by Spanish Bourbons 13th cen.-1713.

Names:
Messina (preferred,C,V)
Messana (H,V)  ............ Latin name
Messene (H,V)  ............ named by Anaxilas, tyrant of Rhegium in 5th cen. BC, referring to his native region Messenia in the Peloponnese
Zancle (H,V)
Zankle (H,V)  ............ Greek name, meaning "sickle" & referring to the shape of the harbor

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Italy (nation)  ........  Italy (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Sicily (region (administrative division))  ............  Sicily (region (administrative division)) (P,C) part of unified Italy from 1861
Hierarchy of Messina (province)  ................  Messina (province) (P)
Hierarchy of Messina (inhabited place)  ....................  Messina (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  founded by Greeks, first documented ca. 730 BC; modern city was rebuilt after disastrous earthquakes in 1783 & 1908
city (C)
provincial capital (C)
seaport (C)
transportation center (C)  ............  for ferries across Strait of Messina to mainland & for rail traffic
trade center (C)  ............  for fruit, wine, olive oil & medicinal articles
agricultural center (C)  ............  for citrus fruits
industrial center (C)  ............  produces chemicals, pharmaceuticals & foodstuffs
cultural center (C)  ............  noted for architecture & museums
university center (C)  ............  founded in 1548
scientific center (C)  ............  noted for biological institute & botanical gardens
episcopal see (C)

Sources and Contributors:
Messana..........  [VP]
.................  Pleiades (2006-) http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/462538
.................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 350
Messene..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VIII, 54
.................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 10070
.................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979) 998
Messina..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Annuario Generale (1980)
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 593
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VIII, 54
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 754
Zancle..........  [VP]
.................  Pleiades (2006-) http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/462538
.................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 360
Zankle..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
.................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979) 998-999
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Annuario Generale (1980)
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 593
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VIII, 54
..................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 10070
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -121616
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979) 998; 998-999
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 350; 360
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 754
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Canby, Historic Places (1984)
..........  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites [online] (2000-)

 

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