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ID: 7003256
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7003256

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Salzburg (inhabited place)  Salzburg (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 47 48 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 47.8000  decimal degrees
Long: 013 03 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 13.0500  decimal degrees

Note: Located 71 miles ESE of Munich, Germany, the site was long visited as a source of salt, the name meaning "salt fort." Ancient city of Neolithic, Celtic, Roman, and early Christian origins. A Benedictine abbey was founded in the 7th century and was the seat of an ecclesiastic principality from 1278-1803. Secularized and absorbed into Hapsburg Austria in 1816. Birthplace of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) and home of the Salzburg Festival, an annual event featuring both music and drama started in 1920. The Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg was designated a World History Site by UNESCO.

Names:
Salzburg (preferred,C,V)  ............ founded late 7th century
Juvavum (H,V)  ............ Roman name; used before 798
Iuvavum (H,V)  ............ ancient

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Austria (nation)  ........  Austria (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Salzburg (state)  ............  Salzburg (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Salzburg (inhabited place)  ................  Salzburg (inhabited place) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Roman Empire (former nation/state/empire)  ....  Roman Empire (former nation/state/empire) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Noricum (province)  ........  Noricum (province) (P,H) from ca. 15 BCE
Hierarchy of Salzburg (inhabited place)  ............  Salzburg (inhabited place) (P,H)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  since Neolithic era
city (C)
state capital (C)
archiepiscopal see (C)  ............  since 798
archaeological site (C)
episcopal see (H)  ............  739-798
municipium (H)  ............  ca. 40-500

Related geographic places:
near/adjacent to ....  Hohensalzburg, Festung .......... (historic site)
..............................  (World, Europe, Austria, Salzburg) [8712256]

Sources and Contributors:
Iuvavum..........  [VP]
.................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 11777
.................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979)
Juvavum..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 1060
Salzburg..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 172
.................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 1060
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 11777
..................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979)
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 172
..................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 1060
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Canby, Historic Places (1984) V. II, p. 817
..........  UNESCO World Heritage Centre [online] (1992-) accessed 12 January 2009

 

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