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ID: 1000080
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/1000080

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Italy (nation)  Italy (nation)

Coordinates:
Lat: 42 50 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 42.8333  decimal degrees
Long: 012 50 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 12.8333  decimal degrees

Note: Inhabited since 50,000 BCE; settled by Indo-Europeans 1850 BCE, Etruscans 1600 BCE, and Greeks 800 BCE; united by Romans 270 BCE; independent states rose after fall of Holy Roman Empire, notably Naples, Milan, Florence, Venice and papacy; reunited in the 19th century; official language is Italian, though significant minorities speak German, French, and Slovene.

Names:
Italia (preferred,C,V,Romansh)  ............ Roman name; is also modern Italian name
Italia (Napoletano-Calabrese)
Italia (Ligurian)
Italia (Latin-P,U,N)
Italia (Breton)
Italia (Italian-P,U,N)
Italia (Ladino)
Italia (Greenlandic)
Italia (Sicilian)
Italia (Basque)
Italia (Swahili (generic))
Italia (Ilocano)
Italia (Tok Pisin (Neomelanesian))
Italia (Norwegian)
Italia (Ido)
Italia (Galician)
Italia (Aragonese)
Italia (Corsican)
Italia (Norwegian (Nynorsk))
Italia (Indonesian)
Italia (Albanian)
Italia (Interlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association))
Italia (Asturian)
Italia (Kikuyu)
Italia (Malagasy)
Italia (Piemontese)
Italia (Finnish)
Italia (Spanish-P,U,N)
Italia (Norwegian (Bokmål))
Italia (Faroese)
Italia (Romanian)
Italia (Hawaiian)
Italiana, Repubblica (C,V)
Repubblica Italiana (C,V,Italian,U,N)
Repubblica italiana (C,V,Italian,U,N)
Italy (C,O,English-P,U,N)
Italy (Afar)
Italy (Nauruan)
Italy (Shona)
Italy (Oromo)
Italy (Pampanga)
Italian Republic (C,O,English)
Italy, Republic of (C,V)
Republic of Italy (C,V,O,English)
Italie (C,O,French-P,U,N)
Italie (Friulian)
République italienne (C,O,French,U,N)
República Italiana (C,O,O,Spanish,U)
Italien (C,O,German-P,U,N)
Italien (Low German)
Italien (Bavarian)
Italien (Danish)
Italien (Luxembourgish)
Italien (Swedish)
Itália (C,O,Northern Sami)
Itália (Portuguese)
Itália (Spanish,U,N)
Italië (C,O,Afrikaans)
Italië (Limburgan)
Italië (Dutch-P,U,N)
Италия (C,O,Bulgarian)
Италия (Uzbek)
Италия (Kazakh)
Италия (Russian-P,U)
Итальянская Республика (C,O,Russian,U)
意大利 (C,O,Chinese-P,U)
意大利共和国 (C,O,Chinese,U)
إ طًا اًَ (C,O,Arabic-P,U)
جُهور ةً إ طًا اًَ (C,O,Arabic,U)
ITA (C,O,ISO3L)
IT (C,O,ISO2L)
ISO380 (C,O,ISO3N)
IT00 (C,O,FIPS)
Italian (C,O,English,U,A)
איטליה (C,U,Hebrew )
An Eadailt (C,U,Scots Gaelic)
An Iodáil (C,U,Irish Gaelic)
Étalie (C,U,Arpitan)
gugdrxitali (C,U)
i-Italy (C,U,Zulu)
il Bel Paese (C,U,Italian)
Itaalia (C,U,Estonian)
Itaalje (C,U,Western Frisian)
Itâglia (C,U)
Itali (C,U,Bambara)
Itali (Malay (macrolanguage))
Itali (Lingala)
Itali (Akan)
Itali (North Ndebele)
Itali (Fulah)
Itali (Cornish)
Itali (Indonesian)
Itali (Albanian)
Itali (Luba-Katanga)
Itali (Haitian (Haitian Creole))
ʻĪtali (C,U,Tonga (Tonga Islands))
Itàlia (C,U,Lombard)
Itàlia (Catalan)
Itàlia (Occitan)
Itàlia (Sardinian)
Itałia (C,U,Venetian)
Ítalía (C,U,Icelandic)
Italia nutome (C,U,Ewe)
italias (C,U)
Italia (Ý) (C,U,Vietnamese)
Itálie (C,U,Czech)
Italija (C,U,Slovene)
Italija (Croatian)
Italija (Bosnian)
Italija (Lithuanian)
Itālija (C,U,Latvian)
Italio (C,U,Esperanto)
Italiya (C,U,Hausa)
İtaliya (C,U,Azerbaijani)
Italja (C,U,Maltese)
Italska (C,U,Upper Sorbian)
Italùii (C,U,Sangho)
Italujo (C,U,Esperanto)
Italya (C,U,Waray (Philippines))
Italya (Tagalog)
Italya (Quechuan)
İtalya (C,U,Turkish)
Îtalya (C,U,Kurdish)
’Itāria (C,U,Tahitian)
Itualii (C,U)
Litaliyän (C,U,Volapük)
Olaszország (C,U,Magyar (Hungarian))
Orílẹ́ède Italiyi (C,U,Yoruba)
Taliansko (C,U,Slovak)
Talyaani (C,U,Somali)
Talyaaniga (C,U,Somali)
Ubutaliyani (C,U,Rundi)
Uitaliani (C,U,Swahili (generic))
Włochy (C,U,Polish)
Ý (C,U,Vietnamese)
Yitale (C,U,Ganda (Ugandan language))
Yr Eidal (C,U,Welsh)
إيطاليا (C,U,Arabic)
Итали (C,U,Chuvash)
Итали (Mongolian)
Итали (Ossetian/Ossetic)
ইতালী (C,U,Bengali)
ܝܜܠܝܐ (C,U,Official Aramaic (700-300 BCE))
ئیتاڵی (C,U,Central Kurdish)
དགྱིའི་དའ་རླིས (C,U,Tibetan)
이탈리아 (C,U,Korean)
ประเทศอิตาลี (C,U,Thai)
ཨྀཊ་ལི (C,U,Dzongkha)
ಇಟಲಿ (C,U,Kannada)
Италї (C,U,Slavonic, Old Church)
ອິຕາລີ (C,U,Lao)
იტალია (C,U,Georgian)
イタリア (C,U,Japanese)
اٹلی (C,U,Urdu)
Італія (C,U,Belorussian)
Італія (Ukrainian)
อิตาลี (C,U,Thai)
អ៊ីតាលី (C,U,Khmer)
ጣልያን (C,U,Amharic)
इटली (C,U,Hindi)
इटली (Marathi)
इटली (Sanskrit)
ഇറ്റലി (C,U,Malayalam)
ايطاليا (C,U,Arabic)
ایټالیه (C,U,Pashto)
Италија (C,U,Serbian)
Италија (Macedonian)
Ιταλία (C,U,Greek)
ܐܝܛܠܝܐ (C,U,Official Aramaic (700-300 BCE))
இத்தாலி (C,U,Tamil)
اټاليا (C,U,Pashto)
Իտալիա (C,U,Armenian)
איטאליע (C,U,Yiddish)
Итолиё (C,U,Tajik)
ఇటలి (C,U,Telugu)
ایتالیا (C,U,Persian-Farsi)
इटाली (C,U,Nepali)
ጣሊያን (C,U,Tigrinya)
ጣሊያን (Amharic)
ཨི་ཀྲར་ལི་ (C,U,Tibetan)
イタリア共和国 (C,U,Japanese)
ꑴꄊꆺ (C,U)
ඉතාලිය (C,U,Sinhala)
ઇટાલી (C,U,Gujarati)
ଇଟାଲୀ (C,U,Oriya)
ইটালি (C,U,Assamese)
အီတလီ (C,U,Burmese)
Esperia (H,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Italy (nation)  ........  Italy (nation) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Southern Europe (general region)  ........  Southern Europe (general region) (P)
Hierarchy of Italy (nation)  ............  Italy (nation)
 
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of European Union (union)  ........  European Union (union) (P)
Hierarchy of Italy (nation)  ............  Italy (nation)
 
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of European Economic Area (zone)  ........  European Economic Area (zone) (P,U)
Hierarchy of Italy (nation)  ............  Italy (nation) (P)

Place Types:
nation (preferred, C)  ............  unification achieved 1870
primary political unit (C)
independent sovereign nation (C)
republic (C)  ............  established June 10, 1946
dictatorship (H)  ............  Fascist, 1928-1943
kingdom (H)  ............  from 1815-1870 until 1922
inhabited region (H)  ............  since Neanderthal habitation
independent political entity (C)

Related geographic places:
capital is ....  Roma .......... (province)
..................  (World, Europe, Italy, Lazio) [7003138]
capital is ....  Rome .......... (inhabited place)
..................  (World, Europe, Italy, Lazio, Roma province) [7000874]
distinguished from ....  Italia .......... (province)
..................................  (World, Roman Republic and Empire) [7030349]
member of ....  European Community .......... (association)
................  (World, Europe) [7000209]
member of ....  European Union .......... (union)
................  (World, Europe) [7030305]
................  since 1958
member of ....  Euro Zone .......... (union)
................  (World, Europe) [7033130]
member of ....  North Atlantic Treaty Organization .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029610]
member of ....  United Nations .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029605]
................  joined organization in 1955

Sources and Contributors:
Италия..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
Итальянская Республика..........  [VP]
.........................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
意大利..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
...........  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
意大利共和国..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
إ طًا اًَ..........  [VP]
....................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
جُهور ةً إ طًا اًَ..........  [VP]
...................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
איטליה..........  [IMJ, VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
.................  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
إيطاليا..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
Итали..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
ইতালী..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
ܝܜܠܝܐ..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
ئیتاڵی..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
དགྱིའི་དའ་རླིས..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
이탈리아..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
ประเทศอิตาลี..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
ཨྀཊ་ལི..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
ಇಟಲಿ..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
Италї..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
ອິຕາລີ..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
იტალია..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
イタリア..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
اٹلی..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
Італія..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
อิตาลี..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
អ៊ីតាលី..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
ጣልያን..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
इटली..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
ഇറ്റലി..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
ايطاليا..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
ایټالیه..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
Италија..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
Ιταλία..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
ܐܝܛܠܝܐ..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
இத்தாலி..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
اټاليا..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
Իտալիա..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
איטאליע..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
Итолиё..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
ఇటలి..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
ایتالیا..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
इटाली..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
ጣሊያን..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
ཨི་ཀྲར་ལི་..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
イタリア共和国..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
ꑴꄊꆺ..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
ඉතාලිය..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
ઇટાલી..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
ଇଟାଲୀ..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
ইটালি..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
အီတလီ..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
An Eadailt..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
An Iodáil..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
Esperia..........  [VP]
.................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 184
Étalie..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
gugdrxitali..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
i-Italy..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
il Bel Paese..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
ISO380..........  [VP]
.................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 16
IT..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Country Codes (1996) 16
...........  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
IT00..........  [VP]
...........  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) accessed 01/20/99
ITA..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Handbook (1988) 767
Itaalia..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
Itaalje..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
Itâglia..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
Itali..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
ʻĪtali..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
Italia..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 2:426 ff
.................  CIA, World Fact Book (1995)
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  Gallerie degli Uffizi database (1987-)
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 16 June 2009
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Itália..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
.................  Novo Dicionário Aurélio (1975) 789
Itàlia..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
Itałia..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
Ítalía..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
Italian..........  [VP]
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 19
Italiana, Repubblica..........  [VP]
...................................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Italian Republic..........  [VP]
.............................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 298-301
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
.............................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Italia nutome..........  [VP]
..........................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
italias..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
Italia (Ý)..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
Italië..........  [VP]
.................  Engels Woordenboek (1987) 1:366
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
Italie..........  [BHA, VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 60
Itálie..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
Italien..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
.................  Langenscheidt German Dictionary (1974) II, 1994
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Italija..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
Itālija..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
Italio..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
Italiya..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
İtaliya..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
Italja..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
Italska..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
Italùii..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
Italujo..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
Italy..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, IMJ Preferred, VP]
..............  Britannica Book of the Year (1991) 627
..............  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XXII, 163 ff.
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
..............  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
..............  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
..............  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..............  Times Atlas of the World (1990) plates 77-80
..............  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) I-43
..............  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 60
..............  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..............  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 556-559
Italya..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
İtalya..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
Îtalya..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
Italy, Republic of..........  [VP]
...................................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
’Itāria..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
Itualii..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
Litaliyän..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
Olaszország..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
Orílẹ́ède Italiyi..........  [VP]
................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
Repubblica italiana..........  [VP]
...................................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 298-301
Repubblica Italiana..........  [VP]
...................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 634-635
...................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
...................................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
República Italiana..........  [VP]
...................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
...................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
Republic of Italy..........  [VP]
................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
................................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
République italienne..........  [VP]
...................................  ISO Handbook (1988) 780
Taliansko..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
Talyaani..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
Talyaaniga..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
Ubutaliyani..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
Uitaliani..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
Włochy..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
Ý..........  [VP]
........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
Yitale..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
Yr Eidal..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, IMJ, VP]
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1991) 627
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 634-635
..................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 298-301
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 426 ff; 2:426 ff
..................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 184
..................  CIA, World Fact Book (1995)
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XXII, 163 ff.
..................  Engels Woordenboek (1987) I, 366
..................  Gallerie degli Uffizi database (1987-)
..................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 3175395
..................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 16
..................  ISO Handbook (1988) 767; 780
..................  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
..................  Langenscheidt German Dictionary (1974) II, 1994
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -119400
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) accessed 01/20/99
..................  Novo Dicionário Aurélio (1975) 789
..................  Pleiades database (2021-) http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/1052
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1990) plates 77-80
..................  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) I-43
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 60
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 19
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 556-559
..................  Wikipedia (2000-) https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%98%D1%82%D0%B0%D0%BB%D0%B8%D1%8F
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1985)

 

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The J. Paul Getty Trust
The J. Paul Getty Trust