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ID: 7000231
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7000231

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Iran (nation)  Iran (nation)

Coordinates:
Lat: 32 00 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 32.0000  decimal degrees
Long: 053 00 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 53.0000  decimal degrees

Note: Îrān is located south of the Caspian Sea and north of the Persian Gulf. It borders Turkey, Iraq, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Turkmenistan, Pakistan and Afghanistan. The capital city is Tehran and the primary language is Farsi, although Turkish, Kurdish, and Afghan are spoken among the minorities. Islam is the primary religion. The country was inhabited in 100,000 BCE, but recorded history began with the Elmites in 3000 BCE. Three major dynasties of this pre-Islamic era are the Persian (550-331 BCE), the Parthian (250 BCE- 224 CE) and the Sassanian (224-651 CE). The Persians were able to establish an empire with the help of Cyrus the Great. This dynasty collapsed in 331 BCE when Alexander the Great conquered the region. After the fall of the Seleucid, Parthian, Bactrian, and Sassanian empires, the non-Persian Islamic princes began their rule. Following this period came the Safavid (1502-1736) dynasty (marking an Írānian state with roughly the same boundaries as present-day Írān) and the Qājār (1779-1921) dynasty. During Qājār rule, European intervention in Iranian politics began to elevate. After a famine and bankruptcy in 1921 the last of the Qājār kings, Nāser od-Dīn Shāh and Mozzaffar od-Dīn Shāh, set the grounds for Reza Khan's takeover, effectively beginning the last Persian dynasty, the Pahlavi (1921-1979 CE). Khan's son, Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi (1941-1979 CE), took power, and fled the country in 1979, giving way to the Islamic Republic of Írān.

Names:
Īrān (preferred,C,V,Persian-Farsi (transliterated)-P,U,N)
Jomhūrī-ye Eslāmī-ye Īrān (C,V,O,Persian-Farsi,U)
Îrān (C,V)
Īrān, Jomhūrī-ye Eslāmī-ye (C,V,Persian-Farsi (transliterated),U,N)
Jomhūri-ye Eslamī-ye Irān (C,V,Persian-Farsi (transliterated),U,N)
Jomhuri-ye Eslami-ye Iran (C,V)
Jomhori-e-Islami-e-Irân (C,V)
Iran (C,O,English-P,U,N)  ............ since 1935
Iran (Indonesian)
Iran (Norwegian)
Iran (Croatian)
Iran (Upper Sorbian)
Iran (Hausa)
Iran (Malagasy)
Iran (Greenlandic)
Iran (Italian)
Iran (Norwegian (Bokmål))
Iran (Danish)
Iran (Akan)
Iran (German)
Iran (Maltese)
Iran (Dutch)
Iran (Tagalog)
Iran (Vietnamese)
Iran (Pampanga)
Iran (Bosnian)
Iran (Haitian (Haitian Creole))
Iran (Sicilian)
Iran (Catalan)
Iran (Northern Sami)
Iran (Breton)
Iran (Norwegian (Nynorsk))
Iran (Quechuan)
Iran (Slovene)
Iran (Welsh)
Iran (Malay (macrolanguage))
Iran (Romanian)
Iran (Ido)
Iran (Afrikaans)
Iran (Basque)
Iran (Romansh)
Iran (Shona)
Iran (Finnish)
Iran (North Ndebele)
Iran (Interlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association))
Iran (French-P,U,N)
Iran (Western Frisian)
Iran (Nauruan)
Iran (Swedish)
Iran (Occitan)
Iran (Low German)
Iran (Ilocano)
Iran (Cornish)
Iran (Polish)
Iran (Faroese)
Iran (Luxembourgish)
Islamic Republic of Iran (C,O,English)
Iran, Islamic Republic of (C,O)
Iran, République islamique d' (C,O,French,U,N)
République islamique d'Iran (C,O,French,U,N)
Irán (C,O,Magyar (Hungarian))
Irán (Asturian)
Irán (Slovak)
Irán (Galician)
Irán (Aragonese)
Irán (Spanish-P,U,N)
República Islámica del Irán (C,O,Spanish,U)
Irán, República Islámica del (C,O,Spanish,U,N)
Irã (C,O)
Иран (C,O,Macedonian)
Иран (Russian-P,U)
Иран (Bulgarian)
Иран (Serbian)
Исламская Республика Иран (C,O,Russian,U)
伊朗 (C,O,Chinese-P,U)
伊朗伊斯兰共和国 (C,O,Chinese,U)
إ رٍان (C,O,Arabic-P,U)
جُهور ةً إ رٍان الإسلام ةِ (C,O,Arabic,U)
IRN (C,O,ISO3L)
IR (C,O,ISO2L)
ISO364 (C,O,ISO3N)
IR00 (C,O,FIPS)
Iranian (C,O,English,U,A)
איראן (C,U,Yiddish)
איראן (Hebrew )
An Iaráin (C,U,Irish Gaelic)
Den Islamiske Republik Iran (C,U,Danish)
Empire of Iran (C,U,English)
Éran (C,U,Arpitan)
Eron (C,U,Uzbek)
Iiraan (C,U,Somali)
i-Iran (C,U,Zulu)
Ira (C,U,Luba-Katanga)
Irâ (C,U,Lingala)
Iraan (C,U,Limburgan)
Iraan (Fulah)
Iraan (Estonian)
Iräan (C,U,Sangho)
İran (C,U,Turkish)
İran (Azerbaijani)
I-ran (C,U,Vietnamese)
Írán (C,U,Czech)
iran (C,U)
Îran (C,U,Kurdish)
Irán - ایران (C,U,Galician)
Íran (C,U,Icelandic)
Iraŋ (C,U,Bambara)
Irāna (C,U,Latvian)
Īrāna (C,U,Maori)
Iranas (C,U,Lithuanian)
Iran (Den islamske republikken) (C,U,Norwegian (Bokmål))
Irani (C,U,Albanian)
Irani (Rundi)
Irania (C,U,Latin)
Iran, Islamic Republic Of (C,U,English)
Iran (Islamische Republik) (C,U,German)
Iran (Islamitische Republiek) (C,U,Dutch)
Iran, Islamska Republika (C,U,Croatian)
Iran nutome (C,U,Ewe)
Irano (C,U,Esperanto)
Irano Islamo Respublika (C,U,Lithuanian)
Iran (Repubblica Islamica) (C,U,Italian)
Irán (República Islámica) (C,U,Spanish)
Iran (Republica islamică) (C,U,Romanian)
Iran (République islamique de) (C,U,French)
Irão (C,U,Portuguese)
ʻIulaani (C,U,Tonga (Tonga Islands))
Keshvar-e Shāhanshāhī-ye Īrān (C,U)
Lirän (C,U,Volapük)
Orílẹ́ède Irani (C,U,Yoruba)
Persian (C,U,German)
Persien (C,U,German)
Persio (C,U,Esperanto)
Persujo (C,U,Esperanto)
República Islâmica do Irã (C,U,Portuguese)
Uajemi (C,U,Kikuyu)
Uajemi (Swahili (generic))
Yiraani (C,U,Ganda (Ugandan language))
ირანი (C,U,Georgian)
Іран (C,U,Ukrainian)
Іран (Belorussian)
ཨི་རཱན (C,U,Dzongkha)
ایران (C,U,Mazanderani)
ایران (Persian-Farsi)
ایران (Urdu)
إيران (C,U,Arabic)
ኢራን (C,U,Amharic)
ኢራን (Tigrinya)
Իրան (C,U,Armenian)
ഇറാൻ (C,U,Malayalam)
ܐܝܪܢ (C,U,Official Aramaic (700-300 BCE))
ئىران (C,U,Uyghur)
ايران (C,U,Arabic)
ايران (Pashto)
ईरान (C,U,Hindi)
ܐܝܪܐܢ (C,U,Official Aramaic (700-300 BCE))
ইরান (C,U,Bengali)
Иран, Ислямска република (C,U,Bulgarian)
អ៊ីរ៉ង់ (C,U,Khmer)
ประเทศอิหร่าน (C,U,Thai)
جُمهورئ اِسلامئ ايران (C,U,Persian-Farsi)
อิหร่าน (C,U,Thai)
이란 (C,U,Korean)
Ιράν, Ισλαμική Δημοκρατία του (C,U,Greek)
Эрон (C,U,Tajik)
ஈரான் (C,U,Tamil)
イラン (C,U,Japanese)
كِشوَرِ شاهَنشاهئ ايران (C,U,Persian-Farsi)
Ιράν (C,U,Greek)
ອີລ່ານ (C,U,Lao)
ئێران (C,U,Central Kurdish)
ईराण (C,U,Marathi)
ઈરાન (C,U,Gujarati)
イラン・イスラム共和国 (C,U,Japanese)
Іран, Ісламська Республіка (C,U,Ukrainian)
Іран, Ісламская Рэспубліка (C,U,Belorussian)
ଇରାନ୍ (C,U,Oriya)
အီရန် (C,U,Burmese)
ಇರಾನ್ (C,U,Kannada)
ఇరాన్ (C,U,Telugu)
ཨི་རཱན། (C,U,Tibetan)
इरान (C,U,Nepali)
ඉරානය (C,U,Sinhala)
Iran, Empire of (H,O)
Īrēn, Keshvar-e Shēhanshēhē-ye (H,O)
Perse (H,O)
Persia (H,O,Spanish)  ............ name was officially changed to "Iran" in 1935
Persia (Latin)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Iran (nation)  ........  Iran (nation) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Middle East (general region)  ....  Middle East (general region) (P)
Hierarchy of Iran (nation)  ........  Iran (nation)
 
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of India (subcontinent)  ........  India (subcontinent) (P)
Hierarchy of Iran (nation)  ............  Iran (nation)
 
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Achaemenid Empire (former nation/state/empire)  ........  Achaemenid Empire (former nation/state/empire) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Iran (nation)  ............  Iran (nation)
 
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Western Asia (area)  ........  Western Asia (area) (P,U)
Hierarchy of Iran (nation)  ............  Iran (nation) (P)

Place Types:
nation (preferred, C)  ............  as founded by Safawids, since 1502
primary political unit (C)
independent sovereign nation (C)  ............  recognized by USSR 1921
republic (C)  ............  Islamic, established 1979
empire (H)  ............  under Kajar shahs 1794-1925; finally abolished in 1979
independent political entity (C)

Related geographic places:
capital is ....  Tehran .......... (inhabited place)
..................  (World, Asia, Iran, Tehrān) [7002157]
historical connection ....  Il-Khan Empire .......... (former nation/state/empire)
........................................  (World, Asia, Mongol Empire) [6002725]
member of ....  United Nations .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029605]
................  joined organization in 1945
successor of ....  Persia .......... (historical region)
......................  (World, Asia) [7024079]

Sources and Contributors:
Иран..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
...........  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
Исламская Республика Иран..........  [VP]
............................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
伊朗..........  [VP]
...........  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
伊朗伊斯兰共和国..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
إ رٍان..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
جُهور ةً إ رٍان الإسلام ةِ..........  [VP]
...............................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
איראן..........  [IMJ, VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
..............  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
ირანი..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Іран..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
ཨི་རཱན..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
ایران..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
إيران..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
ኢራን..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Իրան..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
ഇറാൻ..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
ܐܝܪܢ..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
ئىران..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
ايران..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
ईरान..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
ܐܝܪܐܢ..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
ইরান..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Иран, Ислямска република..........  [VP]
.........................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
អ៊ីរ៉ង់..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
ประเทศอิหร่าน..........  [VP]
..........................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
جُمهورئ اِسلامئ ايران..........  [VP]
......................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
อิหร่าน..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
이란..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Ιράν, Ισλαμική Δημοκρατία του..........  [VP]
..................................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Эрон..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
ஈரான்..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
イラン..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
كِشوَرِ شاهَنشاهئ ايران..........  [VP]
.........................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Ιράν..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
ອີລ່ານ..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
ئێران..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
ईराण..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
ઈરાન..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
イラン・イスラム共和国..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Іран, Ісламська Республіка..........  [VP]
...............................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Іран, Ісламская Рэспубліка..........  [VP]
...............................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
ଇରାନ୍..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
အီရန်..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
ಇರಾನ್..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
ఇరాన్..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
ཨི་རཱན།..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
इरान..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
ඉරානය..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
An Iaráin..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Den Islamiske Republik Iran..........  [VP]
...............................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Empire of Iran..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Éran..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Eron..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Iiraan..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
i-Iran..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
IR..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Country Codes (1996) 15
IR00..........  [VP]
...........  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1998-2000) accessed 01/20/99
Irã..........  [VP]
...........  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) 319
Ira..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Irâ..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Iraan..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Iräan..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Iran..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, IMJ Preferred, VP]
...........  Columbia Encyclopedia (1975)
...........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 6:374 ff.
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
...........  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
...........  Middle East, National Geographic (1991) map supplement
...........  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
...........  Times Atlas of the World (1985) plate 32
...........  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) I-43
...........  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 58
...........  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 546-548
Îrān..........  [VP Preferred]
...........  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) 319
...........  Shanks, International Atlas (1991) 216
Irán..........  [VP]
...........  Cassell's Spanish Dictionary (1978) 376
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Īrān..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
...........  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 16 June 2009
...........  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 16 June 2009
İran..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
I-ran..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Írán..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
iran..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Îran..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Irán - ایران..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Íran..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Iraŋ..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Irāna..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Īrāna..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Iranas..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Iran (Den islamske republikken)..........  [VP]
.....................................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Iran, Empire of..........  [VP]
.............................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 16 June 2009
Irani..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Irania..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Iranian..........  [VP]
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 18
Iran, Islamic Republic of..........  [VP]
............................................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 16 June 2009
Iran, Islamic Republic Of..........  [VP]
............................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Iran (Islamische Republik)..........  [VP]
...............................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Iran (Islamitische Republiek)..........  [VP]
..................................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Iran, Islamska Republika..........  [VP]
.........................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Īrān, Jomhūrī-ye Eslāmī-ye..........  [VP]
...............................................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 16 June 2009
Iran nutome..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Irano..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Irano Islamo Respublika..........  [VP]
.........................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Iran (Repubblica Islamica)..........  [VP]
...............................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Irán (República Islámica)..........  [VP]
............................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Iran (Republica islamică)..........  [VP]
............................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Irán, República Islámica del..........  [VP]
...............................................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 16 June 2009
Iran, République islamique d'..........  [VP]
..................................................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 16 June 2009
Iran (République islamique de)..........  [VP]
.....................................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Irão..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Īrēn, Keshvar-e Shēhanshēhē-ye..........  [VP]
.....................................................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 16 June 2009
IRN..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Handbook (1988) 767
Islamic Republic of Iran..........  [FDA, VP]
.........................................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988)
.........................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
.........................................  ISO Handbook (1988) 767
.........................................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
ISO364..........  [VP]
.................  ISO Country Codes (1996)
ʻIulaani..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Jomhori-e-Islami-e-Irân..........  [VP]
.........................................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 290-292
Jomhuri-ye Eslami-ye Iran..........  [FDA, VP]
............................................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VI, 374-376
Jomhūri-ye Eslamī-ye Irān..........  [VP]
............................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1991) 623
............................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 630
Jomhūrī-ye Eslāmī-ye Īrān..........  [VP]
............................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
............................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
Keshvar-e Shāhanshāhī-ye Īrān..........  [VP]
..................................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Lirän..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Orílẹ́ède Irani..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Perse..........  [BHA]
..............  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
Persia..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
.................  Akurgal, Ancient Ruins of Turkey (1983)
.................  Columbia Encyclopedia (1975)
.................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2002) accessed 05/19/99
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) plate 32
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Persian..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Persien..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Persio..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Persujo..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
República Islámica del Irán..........  [VP]
...............................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
República Islâmica do Irã..........  [VP]
............................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
République islamique d'Iran..........  [VP]
...............................................  ISO Handbook (1988) 779
Uajemi..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Yiraani..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, IMJ, VP]
..................  Akurgal, Ancient Ruins of Turkey (1983)
..................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1991) 623
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 630
..................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 290-292
..................  Cassell's Spanish Dictionary (1978) 376
..................  Columbia Encyclopedia (1975)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VI, 374 ff.; VI, 374-376; 6:374 ff.
..................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2002) accessed 05/19/99
..................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 130758
..................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 15
..................  ISO Handbook (1988) 767; 779
..................  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
..................  Middle East, National Geographic (1991) map supplement
..................  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1998-2000) accessed 01/20/99
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) 319
..................  Shanks, International Atlas (1991) 216
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1985) plate 32
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) plate 32
..................  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) I-43
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 58
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 18
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 546-548
..................  Wikipedia (2000-) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 6,375
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 7 July 2003
..........  Grove Dictionary of Art (1996) 15,904
..........  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 7 July 2003

 

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