The GettyResearch Institute
Research Home Tools Thesaurus of Geographic Names Full Record Display
Thesaurus of Geographic Names Full Record Display
New Search Previous Page Help

Vernacular Display | English Display

Click the icon to view the hierarchy.

Semantic View (JSONJSONLDRDFN3/TurtleN-Triples)

ID: 7006659
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7006659

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Turkmenistan (nation)  Turkmenistan (nation)

Coordinates:
Lat: 40 00 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 40.0000  decimal degrees
Long: 060 00 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 60.0000  decimal degrees

Note: The area known as present-day Turkmenistan was ruled by the Achaemenid Persians from the mid-3rd century BCE, until the 4th century CE, as part of the Parthian empire. From the 11th century, Turki tribes and Turkmen settled the region, and became part of the Seljuk dynasty, later fighting the Mongols. Following Mongol rule until the early 20th century, the region lacked a political unit, and consisted largely of independent tribes, or tribes allied to neighboring Persian khanates. Russians landed on the coast of Turkmenistan in 1869, and established the port city Krasnovodsk. Turkmens revolted frequently against the Russians, most notably in 1916, until Bolshevik control came in 1920. The Turkmen S. S. R. was created in 1924 out of the Turkmen province, combined with portions of the Khorezmian S. S. R. and the Bukharan S. S. R. In 1991, the country gained independence and officially became Turkmenistan. It is the least densely populated country in Central Asia, and is ninety per cent deserts. A large oasis region exists in eastern Turkmenistan which contains developed industry and major cities, although two-thirds of the population live in rural villages. Industries include natural gas, cattle raising, and cotton growing.

Names:
Türkmenistan (preferred,C,V,O,Turkmen,U,N)
Türkmenistan (Estonian)
Türkmenistan (Gagauz)
Türkmenistan (Turkish)
Türkmenistan (Turkish, Crimean)
Türkmenistan Jumhuriyäti (C,V)
Turkmenistan (C,O,English-P,U,N)
Turkmenistan (Italian)
Turkmenistan (Polish)
Turkmenistan (French)
Turkmenistan (Northern Sami)
Turkmenistan (Romanian)
Turkmenistan (North Ndebele)
Turkmenistan (Slovene)
Turkmenistan (Danish)
Turkmenistan (Shona)
Turkmenistan (Dutch)
Turkmenistan (Norwegian (Bokmål))
Turkmenistan (Limburgan)
Turkmenistan (Maltese)
Turkmenistan (Upper Sorbian)
Turkmenistan (German)
Turkmenistan (Norwegian (Nynorsk))
Turkmenistan (Afrikaans)
Turkmenistan (Norwegian)
Turkmenistan (Somali)
Turkmenistan (Catalan)
Turkmenistan (Croatian)
Turkmenistan (Low German)
Turkmenistan (Finnish)
Turkmenistan (Welsh)
Turkmenistan (Romansh)
Turkmenistan (Breton)
Turkmenistan (Bosnian)
Turkmenistan (Ido)
Turkmenistan (Vietnamese)
Turkmenistan (Pampanga)
Turkmenistan (Interlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association))
Turkmenistan (Faroese)
Turkmenistan (Basque)
Turkmenistan (Swedish)
Turkmenistan (Malay (macrolanguage))
Turkmenistan (Tagalog)
Turkmenskaya (C,O)
Turkménistan (C,O,French-P,U,N)
Turkménistan (Javanese)
Turkménistan (Sunda)
Turkmenistán (C,O,Aragonese)
Turkmenistán (Czech)
Turkmenistán (Asturian)
Turkmenistán (Galician)
Turkmenistán (Spanish-P,U,N)
Turkmenistán (Extremaduran)
Republic of Turkmenistan (C,O)
Туркменистан (C,O,Chuvash)
Туркменистан (Komi)
Туркменистан (Russian-P,U)
Туркменистан (Russia Buriat)
Туркменистан (Mongolian)
Туркменистан (Serbian)
Туркменистан (Avar)
Туркменистан (Ukrainian)
Туркменистан (Bulgarian)
Туркменистан (Macedonian)
土库曼斯坦 (C,O,Chinese-P,U)
土库曼斯坦 (Chinese, Wu)
حرنماوس خان (C,O,Arabic-P,U)
TKM (C,O,ISO3L)
TM (C,O,ISO2L)
ISO795 (C,O,ISO3N)
TX00 (C,O,FIPS)
Turkmen (C,O,English,U,A)
Türkmen (C,O)
Turkmenian (C,O)
טורקמניסתאן (C,U,Hebrew )
An Tuircméanastáin (C,U,Irish Gaelic)
El Turkmenistan (C,U,Catalan)
IThumekhi (C,U,Swati (Swazi))
i-Turkmenistan (C,U,Zulu)
Orílẹ́ède Tọọkimenisita (C,U,Yoruba)
Pow Turkmen (C,U,Cornish)
Takimenesitaani (C,U,Ganda (Ugandan language))
Tarkimeenistaan (C,U,Oromo)
Tekimenisiteni (C,U,Tonga (Tonga Islands))
Terkmenistaan (C,U,Pitcairn-Norfolk)
Thú-khû-man-sṳ̂-thán (C,U,Chinese, Hakka)
Tikɛménisitá (C,U,Lingala)
Tirkmenistan (C,U,Kurdish)
Tirkmenistan (Haitian (Haitian Creole))
Tırkmenıstan (C,U,Dimli)
Tɛkmenistan nutome (C,U,Ewe)
Tɛkmɛnistan (C,U,Akan)
Toerkmenistan (C,U,Zeeuws)
Tʼóokmen Bikéyah (C,U,Navajo)
Torkmenistan (C,U,Malagasy)
Torkmienėstans (C,U,Samogitian)
Tuakmenien (C,U,Bavarian)
Tukemenisita (C,U,Luba-Katanga)
Tuốc-mê-ni-xtan (C,U,Vietnamese)
Tuốc-mê-ni-xtan (Turkmenistan) (C,U,Vietnamese)
Turcmanastàn (C,U,Scots Gaelic)
Turcmenia (C,U,Latin)
Turcmenistan (C,U,Occitan)
Turcmenistan (Nahuatl)
Turcmenistan (Anglo-Saxon)
Turcmènistan (C,U,Arpitan)
Turcomannia (C,U,Latin)
Turcomenistán (C,U,Galician)
Turcomenistão (C,U,Portuguese)
Turikimenisitani (C,U,Bambara)
Turkimenistan (C,U,Indonesian)
Türkmənistan (C,U,Azerbaijani)
Turkmaniston (C,U,Uzbek)
Turkmenän (C,U,Volapük)
Turkmenia (C,U,Polish)
Turkmenia (Romanian)
Turkmenië (C,U,Afrikaans)
Turkmėnija (C,U,Lithuanian)
Turkmenio (C,U,Esperanto)
Turkmenistaan (C,U,Fulah)
Túrkmenistan (C,U,Icelandic)
Turkmènistan (C,U,Achinese)
Turkmẹ́nìstán (C,U,Yoruba)
Turkmenistāna (C,U,Latvian)
Turkmėnistanas (C,U,Lithuanian)
Turkmenistani (C,U,Albanian)
Turkmenistani (Greenlandic)
Turkmenistáni (C,U,Lingala)
Türkmenisztán (C,U,Magyar (Hungarian))
Turkmeńska (C,U,Lower Sorbian)
Turkmenskaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika (C,U)
Turkménsko (C,U,Slovak)
Turkmenujo (C,U,Esperanto)
Turkminsuyu (C,U,Quechuan)
Turkmyńistan (C,U,Silesian)
Turkomenistaun (C,U,Tetum)
Turkumenistaan (C,U,Wolof)
Turkumenistäan (C,U,Sangho)
Turkumenistan (C,U,Hausa)
Turquemenistão (C,U,Portuguese)
Turukimenisitani (C,U,Rwanda)
Turukimenistani (C,U,Swahili (generic))
Turukimenistani (Kikuyu)
Turukumenisitani (C,U,Rundi)
Tyrcmenistan (C,U,Welsh)
Yn Turkmenistaan (C,U,Gaelic, indigenous Manx)
तुर्कमिनिस्थान (C,U,Pali)
तुर्कमिनिस्थान (Sanskrit)
Тыркуменистэн (C,U,Kabardian)
तुर्कमेनिस्तान (C,U,Hindi)
तुर्कमेनिस्तान (Bihari languages)
तुर्कमेनिस्तान (Nepali)
तुर्कमेनिस्तान (Marathi)
তুর্কমেনিস্তান (C,U,Bishnupriya Manipuri)
তুর্কমেনিস্তান (Bengali)
ටර්ක්මෙනිස්තානය (C,U,Sinhala)
Туркманистон (C,U,Tajik)
துருக்மெனிஸ்தான் (C,U,Tamil)
Туркмени (C,U,Ossetian/Ossetic)
Туркмени (Chechen)
Түркмөнстан (C,U,Kyrgyz)
Түркменистаан (C,U,Yakut)
తుర్కమేనిస్తాన్ (C,U,Telugu)
تركمانستان (C,U,Arabic)
טורקמעניסטאן (C,U,Yiddish)
Төрөкмәнстан (C,U,Bashkir)
তুর্কমেনিয়া (C,U,Bengali)
तर्कमेनिस्तान (C,U,Newari)
土庫曼 (C,U,Chinese, Yue)
Туркменістан (C,U,Belorussian)
Туркменістан (Ukrainian)
Туркменістан (Rusyn, Ukrainian (language group))
തുർക്‌മെനിസ്ഥാൻ (C,U,Malayalam)
თურქმენეთი (C,U,Mingrelian)
თურქმენეთი (Georgian)
ތުރުކުމެނިސްތާން (C,U,Maldivian (Divehi))
トルクメニスタン (C,U,Japanese)
Йомудин Орн (C,U,Kalmyk)
تورکمنستان (C,U,Pashto)
તુર્ક્મનિસ્તાન (C,U,Gujarati)
ତୁର୍କମେନିସ୍ତାନ (C,U,Oriya)
טורקמניסטן (C,U,Hebrew )
توركمينيستان (C,U,Arabic, Egyptian)
ቱርክመኒስታን (C,U,Amharic)
តួរមិនីស្ថាន (C,U,Khmer)
ترکمانستان (C,U,Panjabi, Western)
ترکمانستان (Urdu)
துர்க்மெனிஸ்தான் (C,U,Tamil)
טורקמניסטאן (C,U,Hebrew )
ประเทศเติร์กเมนิสถาน (C,U,Thai)
투르크멘 (C,U,Korean)
Թուրքմենստան (C,U,Armenian)
ເຕຣີກເມນິສະຖານ (C,U,Lao)
Туркмения (C,U,Russian)
Туркмения (Udmurt)
ܛܘܪܩܡܢܣܛܐܢ (C,U,Official Aramaic (700-300 BCE))
Τουρκμενιστάν (C,U,Greek)
ቱርክሜኒስታን (C,U,Amharic)
ቱርክሜኒስታን (Tigrinya)
ترکمنستان (C,U,Persian-Farsi)
ترکمنستان (Urdu)
ཏུརཀ་མེ་ནི་སུཏན། (C,U,Tibetan)
Туьркменистан (C,U,Lezgian)
تورکمنیستان (C,U,Azerbaijani, South)
તુર્કમેનિસ્તાન (C,U,Gujarati)
ਤੁਰਕਮੇਨਸਤਾਨ (C,U,Panjabi, Eastern)
تۈركمەنىستان (C,U,Uyghur)
တာ့ခ်မင်နစ္စတန်နိုင်ငံ (C,U,Burmese)
เติร์กเมนิสถาน (C,U,Thai)
ទួគមេនីស្តង់ (C,U,Khmer)
Туркмэністан (C,U,Belorussian)
تورکمانستان (C,U,Kurdish)
تورکمانستان (Central Kurdish)
Төрекмәнстан (C,U,Tatar)
Թուրքմենիստան (C,U,Armenian)
تورکأمأنئستان (C,U,Northern Luri)
ترکمونستون (C,U,Mazanderani)
ತುರ್ಕಮೆನಿಸ್ತಾನ್ (C,U,Kannada)
Түрікменстан (C,U,Kazakh)
투르크메니스탄 (C,U,Korean)
తుర్కమెస్తాన్ (C,U,Telugu)
ತುರ್ಕಮೆನಿಸ್ಥಾನ್ (C,U,Kannada)
ତୁର୍କମେନିସ୍ତାନ୍ (C,U,Oriya)
തുര്‍ക്ക്മെനിസ്ഥാന്‍ (C,U,Malayalam)
තුර්ක්මෙනිස්ථානය (C,U,Sinhala)
তুর্কমেনিয়া (C,U,Bengali)
Turkmenskaja Sovetskaja Socialistčeskaja Respublika (H,V)  ............ 1925-1991
Turkmenskaya SSR (H,V)  ............ 1925-1991
Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic (H,O)  ............ 1925-1991
Turkmen SSR (H,O)  ............ 1925-1991

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Turkmenistan (nation)  ........  Turkmenistan (nation) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Soviet Union (former nation/state/empire)  ........  Soviet Union (former nation/state/empire) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Turkmenistan (nation)  ............  Turkmenistan (nation)
 
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Russian Central Asia (former administrative division)  ........  Russian Central Asia (former administrative division) (P)
Hierarchy of Turkmenistan (nation)  ............  Turkmenistan (nation)
 
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Achaemenid Empire (former nation/state/empire)  ........  Achaemenid Empire (former nation/state/empire) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Turkmenistan (nation)  ............  Turkmenistan (nation)
 
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Central Asia (general region)  ........  Central Asia (general region) (P)
Hierarchy of Turkmenistan (nation)  ............  Turkmenistan (nation) (P)

Place Types:
nation (preferred, C)  ............  became independent when the former USSR was dissolved on December 26, 1991
primary political unit (C)
republic (C)
independent political entity (C)

Related geographic places:
capital is ....  Ashgabat .......... (inhabited place)
..................  (World, Asia, Turkmenistan, Ashgabat) [7016623]
member of ....  Commonwealth of Independent States .......... (association)
................  (World) [1000094]
member of ....  United Nations .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029605]
................  joined organization in 1992

Sources and Contributors:
Туркменистан..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
.......................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
土库曼斯坦..........  [VP]
..............  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
..............  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
حرنماوس خان..........  [VP]
.......................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
טורקמניסתאן..........  [IMJ]
.......................  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
तुर्कमिनिस्थान..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Тыркуменистэн..........  [VP]
..........................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
तुर्कमेनिस्तान..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
তুর্কমেনিস্তান..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
ටර්ක්මෙනිස්තානය..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Туркманистон..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
துருக்மெனிஸ்தான்..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Туркмени..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Түркмөнстан..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Түркменистаан..........  [VP]
..........................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
తుర్కమేనిస్తాన్..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
تركمانستان..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
טורקמעניסטאן..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Төрөкмәнстан..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
তুর্কমেনিয়া..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
तर्कमेनिस्तान..........  [VP]
..........................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
土庫曼..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Туркменістан..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
തുർക്‌മെനിസ്ഥാൻ..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
თურქმენეთი..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
ތުރުކުމެނިސްތާން..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
トルクメニスタン..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Йомудин Орн..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
تورکمنستان..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
તુર્ક્મનિસ્તાન..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
ତୁର୍କମେନିସ୍ତାନ..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
טורקמניסטן..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
توركمينيستان..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
ቱርክመኒስታን..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
តួរមិនីស្ថាន..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
ترکمانستان..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
துர்க்மெனிஸ்தான்..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
טורקמניסטאן..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
ประเทศเติร์กเมนิสถาน..........  [VP]
...................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
투르크멘..........  [VP]
...........  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Թուրքմենստան..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
ເຕຣີກເມນິສະຖານ..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Туркмения..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
ܛܘܪܩܡܢܣܛܐܢ..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Τουρκμενιστάν..........  [VP]
..........................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
ቱርክሜኒስታን..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
ترکمنستان..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
ཏུརཀ་མེ་ནི་སུཏན།..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Туьркменистан..........  [VP]
..........................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
تورکمنیستان..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
તુર્કમેનિસ્તાન..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
ਤੁਰਕਮੇਨਸਤਾਨ..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
تۈركمەنىستان..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
တာ့ခ်မင်နစ္စတန်နိုင်ငံ..........  [VP]
.........................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
เติร์กเมนิสถาน..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
ទួគមេនីស្តង់..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Туркмэністан..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
تورکمانستان..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Төрекмәнстан..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Թուրքմենիստան..........  [VP]
..........................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
تورکأمأنئستان..........  [VP]
..........................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
ترکمونستون..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
ತುರ್ಕಮೆನಿಸ್ತಾನ್..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Түрікменстан..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
투르크메니스탄..........  [VP]
.................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
తుర్కమెస్తాన్..........  [VP]
..........................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
ತುರ್ಕಮೆನಿಸ್ಥಾನ್..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
ତୁର୍କମେନିସ୍ତାନ୍..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
തുര്‍ക്ക്മെനിസ്ഥാന്‍..........  [VP]
...................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
තුර්ක්මෙනිස්ථානය..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
তুর্কমেনিয়া..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
An Tuircméanastáin..........  [VP]
...................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
El Turkmenistan..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
ISO795..........  [VP]
.................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 21
IThumekhi..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
i-Turkmenistan..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Orílẹ́ède Tọọkimenisita..........  [VP]
.........................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Pow Turkmen..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Republic of Turkmenistan..........  [VP]
.........................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 734
Takimenesitaani..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Tarkimeenistaan..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Tekimenisiteni..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Terkmenistaan..........  [VP]
..........................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Thú-khû-man-sṳ̂-thán..........  [VP]
...................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Tikɛménisitá..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Tirkmenistan..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Tırkmenıstan..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
TKM..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Newsletter (1992) 1992-06-15, III-30
Tɛkmenistan nutome..........  [VP]
...................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Tɛkmɛnistan..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
TM..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Country Codes (1996) 21
Toerkmenistan..........  [VP]
..........................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Tʼóokmen Bikéyah..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Torkmenistan..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Torkmienėstans..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Tuakmenien..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Tukemenisita..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Tuốc-mê-ni-xtan..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Tuốc-mê-ni-xtan (Turkmenistan)..........  [VP]
.....................................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Turcmanastàn..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Turcmenia..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Turcmenistan..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Turcmènistan..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Turcomannia..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Turcomenistán..........  [VP]
..........................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Turcomenistão..........  [VP]
..........................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Turikimenisitani..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Turkimenistan..........  [VP]
..........................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Türkmənistan..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Turkmaniston..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Turkmen..........  [VP]
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 38
Türkmen..........  [VP]
.................  OED2 on CD-ROM (1994)
Turkmenän..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Turkmenia..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Turkmenian..........  [VP]
.......................  Grove Art Online (2008-) "Akhmedov, Abdulla"; accessed 15 December 2010
Turkmenië..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Turkmėnija..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Turkmenio..........  [VP]
....................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Turkmenistaan..........  [VP]
..........................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Turkmenistan..........  [IMJ Preferred, VP Preferred]
.......................  Britannica Book of the Year (1992) 720-721
.......................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 2:954
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
.......................  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
.......................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
.......................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-180
.......................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) plate 38
.......................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 203
.......................  USBGN Bulletin 16 (1998)
.......................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1237
Turkménistan..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
.......................  ISO Newsletter (1992) 1992-06-15, III-30
Turkmenistán..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
.......................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 86
Türkmenistan..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
.......................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 30 July 2009
.......................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
Túrkmenistan..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Turkmènistan..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Turkmẹ́nìstán..........  [VP]
..........................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Turkmenistāna..........  [VP]
..........................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Turkmėnistanas..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Turkmenistani..........  [VP]
..........................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Turkmenistáni..........  [VP]
..........................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Türkmenistan Jumhuriyäti..........  [VP]
.........................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 734
Türkmenisztán..........  [VP]
..........................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Turkmeńska..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Turkmenskaja Sovetskaja Socialistčeskaja Respublika..........  [VP]
...................................................................................  Rand McNally Atlas (1989) I-181
Turkmenskaya..........  [VP]
.......................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 666-667
Turkmenskaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika..........  [VP]
.........................................................................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Turkmenskaya SSR..........  [FDA, VP]
.............................  Times Atlas of the World (1988)
Turkménsko..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic..........  [VP]
........................................................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
........................................................  Rand McNally Atlas (1991) I-164
Turkmen SSR..........  [FDA, VP]
.......................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 358
Turkmenujo..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Turkminsuyu..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Turkmyńistan..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Turkomenistaun..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Turkumenistaan..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Turkumenistäan..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Turkumenistan..........  [VP]
..........................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Turquemenistão..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Turukimenisitani..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Turukimenistani..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Turukumenisitani..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
TX00..........  [VP]
...........  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) 89
Tyrcmenistan..........  [VP]
.......................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Yn Turkmenistaan..........  [VP]
.............................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
Subject: .....  [FDA, IMJ, VP]
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1992) 720-721
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 734
..................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 666-667
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 954; 2:954
..................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 10 August 2004
..................  GeoNames online [n.d.] 1218197
..................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 21
..................  ISO Newsletter (1992) 1992-06-15, III-30
..................  Israel Museum Jerusalem contribution (n.d.)
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) 89
..................  OED2 on CD-ROM (1994)
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1989) I-181
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1991) I-164
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-180
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1988)
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) plate 38
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 203
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 358
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 86
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 38
..................  USBGN Bulletin 16 (1998)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1237
..................  Wikipedia (2000-) https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%A2%D1%83%D1%80%D0%BA%D0%BC%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%B8%D1%8F
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 12 August 2004

 

New Search

Back to Top

Printer Friendly Version

The J. Paul Getty Trust
The J. Paul Getty Trust