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ID: 7030330
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Epirus (former administrative division)  Epirus (former administrative division)

Note: Refers to the ancient region and province in northwestern Greece and southern Albania; Illyrium lay to the north and Macedonia to the east. The greatest Molossian king Pyrrhus (319-272) led a coalition of Epirote tribes and brought prosperity to the region; after the Third Macedonian War (171-168), Epirus was transferred to Roman rule, under which it prospered. The famous Battle of Actium (31 BCE) took place off the coast of Epirus. When the Roman Empire split in 395 CE, Epirus was the westernmost province of the Eastern Empire. When the Byzantine Empire became fragmented, an independent principality was maintained in Epirus from 1204 CE. See also the modern region of the same name, referring to area only within Greece; see also the general region of Epirus, consisting of coastal areas of northwestern Greece and southern Albania.

Names:
Ípiros (ancient) (preferred,C,V,Greek (transliterated),U,N)
Epiros (C,V,English,U,N)
Epirus (ancient) (C,V,English-P,U,N)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Roman Empire (former nation/state/empire)  ....  Roman Empire (former nation/state/empire) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Epirus (former administrative division)  ........  Epirus (former administrative division) (P,H) ca. 167 BCE-395 CE

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Byzantine Empire (former nation/state/empire)  ....  Byzantine Empire (former nation/state/empire) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Epirus (former administrative division)  ........  Epirus (former administrative division) (P,H) 395 CE-1337

Place Types:
former administrative division (preferred, C)
province (H)  ............  of the Roman and Byzantine empire, from ca. 167 BCE
principality (H)
despotate (H)  ............  of the Byzantine Empire, 1204-1337
league (H)  ............  Epirote League, 232-170 BCE

Related geographic places:
distinguished from ....  Epirus .......... (region (administrative division))
..................................  (World, Europe, Greece) [7002705]
distinguished from ....  Epirus .......... (general region)
..................................  (World, Europe) [7030329]

Sources and Contributors:
Epiros..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 1 July 2004
Epirus..........  [BHA Preferred, VP]
.................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 1 July 2004
.................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 89
Ípiros..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 7 August 2006
Subject: .....  [VP]
..................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 1 July 2004; accessed 7 August 2006
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 89
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 1 July 2004

 

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