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ID: 7026041
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Birdoswald (deserted settlement)  Birdoswald (deserted settlement)

Coordinates:
Lat: 54 59 20 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 54.9894  decimal degrees
Long: 002 36 07 W  degrees minutes   Long: -2.6023  decimal degrees

Note: Located 7 miles east of Brampton. Former farm that is on the site of a former fort along Hadrian's Wall. The medieval Birdoswald is first recorded in 1211. The Roman fort was originally astride the Wall, but was placed behind it when the wall curtain was realigned. The site had previously been associated with the documented Roman "Camboglanna," but "Camboglanna" is now believed to be the modern site of Castlesteads.

Names:
Birdoswald (preferred,C,V)
Birdowald (C,V)
Birdowald Roman Fort (C,V)
Banna (H,V,S)  ............ Roman name

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of United Kingdom (nation)  ........  United Kingdom (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of England (country)  ............  England (country) (P)
Hierarchy of Cumbria (county)  ................  Cumbria (county) (P)
Hierarchy of Birdoswald (deserted settlement)  ....................  Birdoswald (deserted settlement) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Roman Empire (former nation/state/empire)  ....  Roman Empire (former nation/state/empire) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Britannia (province)  ........  Britannia (province) (P)
Hierarchy of Birdoswald (deserted settlement)  ............  Birdoswald (deserted settlement) (P,H)

Place Types:
deserted settlement (preferred, C)  ............  was a Roman fort along Hadrian's Wall, today is the site of a visitor's center for tourists
archaeological site (C)  ............  walls, towers, gates, and some buildings are visible
inhabited place (H)
farm (H)
Medieval (H)
fort (H)
Ancient Roman (H)

Sources and Contributors:
Banna..........  [VP]
..............  Athena, Romano-British Sites [online] (2000) accessed 02/06/2001
Birdoswald..........  [VP Preferred]
.......................  Athena, Romano-British Sites [online] (2000) accessed 6 February 2001
.......................  Perseus Digital Library (2000-) based on Princeton, accessed 03/09/2001
Birdowald..........  [VP]
....................  Athena, Romano-British Sites [online] (2000) accessed 02/06/2001
Birdowald Roman Fort..........  [VP]
...................................  Athena, Romano-British Sites [online] (2000) accessed 02/06/2001
Subject: .....  [VP]
..................  Athena, Romano-British Sites [online] (2000) accessed 6 February 2001; accessed 02/06/2001
..................  Perseus Digital Library (2000-) based on Princeton, accessed 03/09/2001
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Athena, Romano-British Sites [online] (2000)

 

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The J. Paul Getty Trust