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ID: 7014986
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Egypt (former nation/state/empire)  Egypt (former nation/state/empire)

Note: Egypt produced one of the principal civilizations of the ancient Middle East. With Mesopotamia, it was one of the earliest literate, urban societies. It provided a critical influence on ancient Israel, ancient Greece, and other cultures, which in turn influenced civilizations of the modern Western world. Egypt was the earliest advanced civilization in Africa and probably influenced the development of other African cultures. Egypt was home to Neolithic cultures by 6000 BCE; Thinite dynasty united Upper and Lower Egypt ca. 3100 BCE; on the path of Alexander the Great; Ptolemaic kingdom by 240 BCE; was an important Hellenistic center; then part of the Roman Empire until the Arab conquest in 640, then it was Mameluk and Ottoman. The ancient land was commonly discussed as having two regions based on the color of the soil, Black Land (Kermit) and Red Land (Deshret).

Names:
Egypt (ancient) (preferred,C,O,English-P,U,N)  ............ name ultimately derived from ancient name Hwt-ka-Ptah
Egypt, ancient (H,O,display,English,U,N)
Aegyptus (H,V)  ............ Roman name
Aigyptos (H,V)  ............ name used by Homer (7th cen. BC) as the name of the Nile & the land through which it flowed
Hwt-ka-Ptah (C,V)  ............ meaning house of Ptah
Kem (H,V)  ............ meaning "darkness" or "black," referring to black silt; ancient name for the area around the Nile
Kemi (H,V)
Kermit (C,V)
Kemet (C,V)
Kmt (C,V)
Ancient Egyptian (C,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Africa (continent)  ....  Africa (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Egypt (former nation/state/empire)  ........  Egypt (former nation/state/empire) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Roman Empire (former nation/state/empire)  ....  Roman Empire (former nation/state/empire) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Egypt (former nation/state/empire)  ........  Egypt (former nation/state/empire)
 
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Byzantine Empire (former nation/state/empire)  ....  Byzantine Empire (former nation/state/empire) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Egypt (former nation/state/empire)  ........  Egypt (former nation/state/empire) (P,H) until 642 CE

Place Types:
former nation/state/empire (preferred, C)
historical region (C)
kingdom (H)
province (H)

Related geographic places:
predecessor of ....  Egypt .......... (nation)
..........................  (World, Africa) [7016833]
..........................  area of the modern nation was the core of the ancient kingdom of Egypt

Sources and Contributors:
Aegyptus..........  [FDA, VP]
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Aigyptos..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2002) accessed 03/17/99
Ancient Egyptian..........  [VP]
.............................  Oxford English Dictionary [online] (2002-)
Egypt..........  [FDA, VP Preferred]
..............  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
..............  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 342
..............  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Egypt, ancient..........  [FDA, VP]
.............................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Hwt-ka-Ptah..........  [VP]
.......................  British Museum [online] (2000-) accessed 23 August 2006
Kem..........  [VP]
...........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2002) accessed 03/17/99
Kemet..........  [VP]
..............  BBCi [online] (2001) "Ancient History: Egyptians," accessed 23 August 2006
Kemi..........  [VP]
...........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2002) "Nile river," accessed 03/16/99
Kermit..........  [VP]
.................  Trinity University, Art and Archaeology of Ancient Egypt (2006-)
Kmt..........  [VP]
...........  BBCi [online] (2001) "Ancient History: Egyptians," accessed 23 August 2006
Subject: .....  [FDA, VP]
..................  BBCi [online] (2001) "Ancient History: Egyptians," accessed 23 August 2006
..................  British Museum [online] (2000-) accessed 23 August 2006
..................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2002) accessed 16 March 1999; accessed 03/17/99; "Nile river," accessed 03/16/99
..................  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
..................  Oxford English Dictionary [online] (2002-)
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 342
..................  Trinity University, Art and Archaeology of Ancient Egypt (2006-)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014)
..........  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)

 

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