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ID: 7010281
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Carlisle (inhabited place)  Carlisle (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 54 53 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 54.8833  decimal degrees
Long: 002 56 00 W  degrees minutes   Long: -2.9333  decimal degrees

Note: Important military post during Roman times; destroyed by Norse invaders ca. 875 and restored by English King William II the Rufus in 1092; ceded to Scots 1136-1157 and during the English Civil War (1642-1645); became major textile and railway center after the 1830s.

Names:
Carlisle (preferred,C,V,English,U)
Caer Liwelydd (C,V)  ............ modern Welsh name
Caerleoil (H,V)  ............ documented 1130
Caer Liwelyd (H,V)  ............ Welsh name
Caer Luel (H,V)
Cardeol (H,V)  ............ documented in 1092
Karliol (H,V)
Karlioli (H,V)  ............ documented ca. 1100
Luel (H,V)  ............ documented ca. 1050
Lugubalia (H,V)  ............ documented ca. 730
Luguvalium (H,V)  ............ Roman name
Luguvallium (H,V)
Luguvallum (H,V)  ............ used ca. 425; from a personal name "Luguvalos," prefixed with "caer" for "city [of]"; or meaning "the wall of the god Lugus"

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of United Kingdom (nation)  ........  United Kingdom (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of England (country)  ............  England (country) (P)
Hierarchy of Cumbria (county)  ................  Cumbria (county) (P)
Hierarchy of Carlisle (inhabited place)  ....................  Carlisle (inhabited place) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Roman Empire (former nation/state/empire)  ....  Roman Empire (former nation/state/empire) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Britannia (province)  ........  Britannia (province) (P)
Hierarchy of Carlisle (inhabited place)  ............  Carlisle (inhabited place) (P,H)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  was a Roman center
town (C)  ............  chartered in 1158
county seat (C)
industrial center (C)
educational center (C)
episcopal see (C)  ............  since 1133
regional capital (C)

Sources and Contributors:
Caerleoil..........  [VP]
....................  Oxford: English Place Names (1960) 88
Caer Liwelyd..........  [VP]
.......................  Oxford: English Place Names (1960) 88
Caer Liwelydd..........  [VP]
..........................  Oxford: English Place Names (1960) 88
Caer Luel..........  [VP]
....................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 156
Cardeol..........  [VP]
.................  Oxford: English Place Names (1960) 88
Carlisle..........  [BHA, VP Preferred]
.................  Bartholomew Gazetteer of Britain (1986)
.................  Blue Guide: England (1980) 674
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 870
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 39
Karliol..........  [VP]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 156
Karlioli..........  [VP]
.................  Oxford: English Place Names (1960) 88
Luel..........  [VP]
...........  Oxford: English Place Names (1960) 88
Lugubalia..........  [VP]
....................  Oxford: English Place Names (1960) 88
Luguvalium..........  [VP]
.......................  Athena, Romano-British Sites [online] (2000) accessed 02/06/2001
Luguvallium..........  [VP]
.......................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 870
Luguvallum..........  [VP]
.......................  Oxford: English Place Names (1960) 88
Subject: .....  [BHA, VP]
..................  Athena, Romano-British Sites [online] (2000) accessed 02/06/2001
..................  Bartholomew Gazetteer of Britain (1986)
..................  Blue Guide: England (1980) 674
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 156
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 870
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -2591825
..................  Oxford: English Place Names (1960) 88
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 39
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]

 

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