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ID: 7006413
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Bulgaria (nation)  Bulgaria (nation)

Coordinates:
Lat: 42 40 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 42.6660  decimal degrees
Long: 025 15 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 25.2500  decimal degrees

Note: Bulgaria is a nation lying in the eastern portion of the Balkan Peninsula, covering some 42,855 square miles. The Black Sea to the east, Greece and turkey to the south, Macedonia to the southwest, Serbia to the west, and Romania to the north form its borders. Semi-nomadic Thracians from 3500 BCE inhabited it, and a true Thracian state evolved in the 5th century BCE. A much fought-over area, it was repeatedly invaded, by the Macedonians in the 3rd century BCE, by the Romans, by the Goths in the 3rd century CE, and by the Huns, Bulgars, and Avars in the 6th century. Slavs and Bulgars successively ruled it in the 7th century, then Byzantium, the Mongols, and the Ottoman Empire between 1396 and1878. Following the Second World War it came under Soviet power. Industry fuels the bulk of the economy, with agriculture accounting for a relatively small portion. The official language is Bulgarian though regional dialects are also spoken. The 2003 estimated population was 7,917,600.

Names:
Bulgaria (preferred,C,O,English-P,U,N)
Bulgaria (Spanish-P,U,N)
Republika Bulgaria (C,V)
Bǎlgarija (C,V,Bulgarian (transliterated)-P,U)
Republika Bǎlgarija (C,V,O,Bulgarian (transliterated),U)
Republic of Bulgaria (C,O,English,U,N)
Bŭlgaria (C,V,Bulgarian,U,N)
Republika Bŭlgaria (C,V,Bulgarian,U,N)
Bâlgarija (C,V)
Bulgariya (C,V)
Blgariya (C,V)
Bulgarie (C,O,French-P,U,N)
République de Bulgarie (C,O,French,U,N)
República de Bulgaria (C,V,Spanish,U)
Bulgarien (C,O,German-P,U,N)
Bulgária (C,O)
България (C,V,Bulgarian-P,U)
Република България (C,V,Bulgarian,U)
Болгария (C,V,Russian-P,U)
Республика Болгария (C,V,Russian,U)
保加利亚 (C,V,Chinese-P,U)
保加利亚共和国 (C,V,Chinese,U)
ب غَاريا (C,V,Arabic-P,U)
جُهور ةً ب غَاريا (C,V,Arabic,U)
BGR (C,O,ISO3L)
BG (C,O,ISO2L)
ISO100 (C,O,ISO3N)
BU00 (C,O,FIPS)
Narodna Republika Bulgariya (H,V)  ............ 1946-1990
People's Republic of Bulgaria (H,O,English,U,N)  ............ 1946-1990
Bulgarian (C,O,English,U,A)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Bulgaria (nation)  ........  Bulgaria (nation) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Eastern Europe (general region)  ........  Eastern Europe (general region) (P)
Hierarchy of Bulgaria (nation)  ............  Bulgaria (nation) (P)

Place Types:
nation (preferred, C)  ............  independent state established in 7th cen.; modern nation created in 1877, allied with Soviet bloc 1946-1989
primary political unit (C)
independent sovereign nation (C)
republic (C)

Related geographic places:
capital is ....  Sofia .......... (inhabited place)
..................  (World, Europe, Bulgaria, Sofiya Grad region) [7009977]
historical connection ....  Odrysian Kingdom .......... (former nation/state/empire)
........................................  (World) [8711705]
member of ....  United Nations .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029605]
................  joined organization in 1955

Sources and Contributors:
България..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 22 July 2013
Република България..........  [VP]
...................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 22 July 2013
Болгария..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 22 July 2013
Республика Болгария..........  [VP]
...................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 22 July 2013
保加利亚..........  [VP]
...........  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 22 July 2013
保加利亚共和国..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 22 July 2013
ب غَاريا..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 22 July 2013
جُهور ةً ب غَاريا..........  [VP]
................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 22 July 2013
Bâlgarija..........  [VP]
....................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) 319
....................  Shanks, International Atlas (1991) 40
Bǎlgarija..........  [VP]
....................  ISO Newsletter VI-14 (2013)
....................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 11 June 2009
....................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 22 July 2013
BG..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Country Codes (1996) 12
BGR..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Handbook (1988) 764
Blgariya..........  [VP]
.................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 99-100
BU00..........  [VP]
...........  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) accessed 01/20/99
Bulgaria..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
.................  Britannica Book of the Year (1990) 485-486
.................  Britannica Book of the Year (1999) 565
.................  Cambridge Encyclopedia (1990)
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 618-620
.................  FIPS Change Notice, no. 1 (1998) 4
.................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 10 May 2017
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) plate 81
.................  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) I-15
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 42
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
.................  World Gazetteer [online] (1990-2006) accessed 30 Oct. 2003
Bulgária..........  [VP]
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (1989) 343
Bŭlgaria..........  [VP Preferred]
.................  Britannica Book of the Year (1994) 573
Bulgarian..........  [VP]
....................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 6
Bulgarie..........  [BHA, VP]
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 42
Bulgarien..........  [VP]
....................  Cassell's German Dictionary (1982) 134
Bulgariya..........  [VP]
....................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 99-100
ISO100..........  [VP]
.................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 12
Narodna Republika Bulgariya..........  [VP]
...............................................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 131-132
People's Republic of Bulgaria..........  [VP]
..................................................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 188-190
República de Bulgaria..........  [VP]
......................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 22 July 2013
Republic of Bulgaria..........  [VP]
...................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1992) 563
...................................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 14 August 2012
...................................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Republika Bǎlgarija..........  [VP]
...................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 22 July 2013
Republika Bŭlgaria..........  [VP]
...................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1992) 563
...................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 573
Republika Bulgaria..........  [VP]
...................................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 10 May 2017
République de Bulgarie..........  [VP]
.........................................  ISO Newsletter (1991) 1991-02-10, III-15
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1990) 485-486
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1992) 563
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 573
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1994) 573
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1999) 565
..................  Cambridge Encyclopedia (1990)
..................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 99-100
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 131-132
..................  Cassell's German Dictionary (1982) 134
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 618-620
..................  FIPS Change Notice, no. 1 (1998) 4
..................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 12
..................  ISO Handbook (1988) 764
..................  ISO Newsletter (1991) 1991-02-10, III-15
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) accessed 01/20/99
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1989) 343
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) 319
..................  Shanks, International Atlas (1991) 40
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) plate 81
..................  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) I-15
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 42
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 6
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 188-190
..................  World Gazetteer [online] (1990-2006) accessed 30 Oct. 2003
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) "Bulgaria," accessed 30 Oct. 2003

 

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