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ID: 7006278
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Hungary (nation)  Hungary (nation)

Coordinates:
Lat: 47 00 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 47.0000  decimal degrees
Long: 020 00 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 20.0000  decimal degrees

Note: Agriculture developed by 4th millennium BCE; part of Roman Pannonia and Dacia, inhabited by Illyrians and Celts; held by Avars 7th-9th century, then Charlemagne; Finno-Ugrian Magyars invaded, defeated by Otto I 955; held by Mongols and Turks; Austria-Hungary formed 1867; official language is Magyar (Hungarian), though German, Slovak, Romanian and other languages are also spoken. As of 2014, Hungary is divided into 19 counties, 23 "urban counties" which are also primary subdivisions, and 1 "special city" (Budapest).

Names:
Magyarország (preferred,C,V,Magyar (Hungarian)-P,U,N)
Magyar Köztársaság (C,V,O,Magyar (Hungarian),U,N)  ............ used after 1990
Ungarn (C,O,German-P,U,N)
Hungary (C,O,English-P,U,N)
Republic of Hungary (C,O,English,U,N)
Hongrie (C,O,French-P,U,N)
République de Hongrie (C,O,French,U)
Hongarije (C,O,Dutch-P,U,N)
Hungría (C,O,Spanish-P,U,N)
República de Hungría (C,O,Spanish,U)
Hungria (C,O,Portuguese-P,U,N)
Ungheria (C,O,Italian-P,U,N)
Венгрия (C,O,Russian-P,U)
Венгерская Республика (C,O,Russian,U)
匈牙利 (C,O,Chinese-P,U)
匈牙利共和国 (C,O,Chinese,U)
هيغاريا (C,O,Arabic-P,U)
جُهور ةً هيغاريا (C,O,Arabic,U)
HUN (C,O,ISO3L)
HU (C,O,ISO2L)
ISO348 (C,O,ISO3N)
HU00 (C,O,FIPS)
Magyar Népköztársaság (H,V,Magyar (Hungarian),U,N)  ............ 1949-1989
Hungarian People's Republic (H,O,English,U,N)  ............ 1949-1989
Hungarian (C,O,English,U,A)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Hungary (nation)  ........  Hungary (nation) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Eastern Europe (general region)  ........  Eastern Europe (general region) (P)
Hierarchy of Hungary (nation)  ............  Hungary (nation) (P)

Place Types:
nation (preferred, C)  ............  traditionally dates from crowning of Stephen in 1000; independent from Austria in 1848; borders opened to western Europe 1989
primary political unit (C)
independent sovereign nation (C)
republic (C)

Related geographic places:
capital is ....  Budapest .......... (inhabited place)
..................  (World, Europe, Hungary, Budapest) [7006280]
member of ....  European Union .......... (union)
................  (World, Europe) [7030305]
................  since 2004
member of ....  North Atlantic Treaty Organization .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029610]
................  became a member in 1999
member of ....  United Nations .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029605]
................  joined organization in 1955
related to ....  Austria-Hungary .......... (former nation/state/empire)
..................  (World, Holy Roman Empire, Hapsburg Empire) [6000511]

Sources and Contributors:
Венгрия..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 23 July 2013
Венгерская Республика..........  [VP]
......................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 23 July 2013
匈牙利..........  [VP]
...........  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 23 July 2013
匈牙利共和国..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 23 July 2013
هيغاريا..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 23 July 2013
جُهور ةً هيغاريا..........  [VP]
.............................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 23 July 2013
Hongarije..........  [VP]
....................  Engels Woordenboek (1987) 336
Hongrie..........  [BHA, VP]
.................  Cassell's French Dictionary (1981) 246
HU..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Country Codes (1996) 15
HU00..........  [VP]
...........  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1998-2000) accessed 01/20/99
HUN..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Handbook (1988) 767
Hungarian..........  [VP]
....................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 17
Hungarian People's Republic..........  [VP]
...............................................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 275-277
Hungary..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
.................  Britannica Book of the Year (1990) 489
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 402
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VI, 154-156
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) plate 16
.................  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) I-41
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 58
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 520-521
Hungría..........  [VP]
.................  Cassell's Spanish Dictionary (1978) 817
Hungria..........  [VP]
.................  Novo Dicionário Aurélio (1975) 735
ISO348..........  [VP]
.................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 15
Magyar Köztársaság..........  [VP]
...................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1992) 617
...................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 625
...................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 23 July 2013
Magyar Népköztársaság..........  [VP]
......................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1989) 618
Magyarország..........  [VP Preferred]
.......................  ISO Newsletter VI-12 (2012)
.......................  Shanks, International Atlas (1991) 194
República de Hungría..........  [VP]
...................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 23 July 2013
Republic of Hungary..........  [VP]
...................................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
...................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 23 July 2013
République de Hongrie..........  [VP]
......................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 23 July 2013
Ungarn..........  [VP]
.................  Cassell's German Dictionary (1982) 1111
Ungheria..........  [VP]
.................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 776
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1989) 618
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1990) 489
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1992) 617
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 625
..................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 275-277
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 402
..................  Cassell's French Dictionary (1981) 246
..................  Cassell's German Dictionary (1982) 1111
..................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 776
..................  Cassell's Spanish Dictionary (1978) 817
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VI, 154-156
..................  Engels Woordenboek (1987) 336
..................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 15
..................  ISO Handbook (1988) 767
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1998-2000) accessed 01/20/99
..................  Novo Dicionário Aurélio (1975) 735
..................  Shanks, International Atlas (1991) 194
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) plate 16
..................  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) I-41
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 58
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 17
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 520-521
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Getty Vocabulary Program rules

 

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