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ID: 6004562
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Parthia (historical region)  Parthia (historical region)

Coordinates:
Lat: 33 05 37 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 33.0930  decimal degrees
Long: 044 34 51 E  degrees minutes   Long: 44.5800  decimal degrees

Note: Ancient region corresponding roughly to the modern region of Khorasan in Iran, covering a wider territory during the Parthian Empire, 247 BCE-224 CE. It was part of the Achaemenian Empire in the 6th century BCE. Under Alexander the Great, it was joined to Hyrcania (present-day Gorgan, Iran), and it was part of a province of the Seleucid kingdom. In the 3rd century BCE, the Parni (Aparni) nomads moved from Central Asia into Parthia. The earliest Parthian capital was probably at Dara (present-day Abivard). A later capital was Hecatompylos, probably near modern Damghan. A small Parthian aristocracy governed the empire. During their reign, they controlled most of the trade routes between Asia and the Greco-Roman world, bringing wealth and extensive building activities.

Names:
Parthia (preferred,C,V,display)
Parthava (H,V)  ............ first documented occurence of the name in the 6th century BCE, perhaps is Bisitun dialectical version of "Parsa," which meant "Persian"
Regnum Parthorum (H,V)
Parthian (C,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Iran (nation)  ........  Iran (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Parthia (historical region)  ............  Parthia (historical region) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Roman Empire (former nation/state/empire)  ....  Roman Empire (former nation/state/empire) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Parthia (historical region)  ........  Parthia (historical region) (P,H)

Place Types:
historical region (preferred, C)

Related geographic places:
coextensive with ....  Khorasan .......... (former administrative division)
..............................  (World, Asia, Iran) [7016768]
related to ....  Parthian Empire .......... (former nation/state/empire)
..................  (World, Asia) [8711814]

Sources and Contributors:
Parthava..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) "Parthia." Accessed 05/20/2002.
Parthia..........  [VP Preferred]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 2/716
.................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) Accessed 05/20/2002.
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 929
Parthian..........  [VP]
.................  Getty Museum, Authority file (2003-)
Regnum Parthorum..........  [VP]
.............................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 2/716
.............................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 929
Subject: .....  [JPGM, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 2/716
..................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) "Parthia." Accessed 05/20/2002.; Accessed 05/20/2002.
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 929
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 2/716
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) "Parthia." Accessed 05/20/2002.
..........  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 929

 

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The J. Paul Getty Trust