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ID: 6000082
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Africa (province)  Africa (province)

Note: Refers to the first North African territory of the Roman Empire, at times roughly corresponding to modern Tunisia; parts of modern northern Libya were included as well. It was acquired in 146 BCE after the destruction of Carthage at the end of the Third Punic War; it was a proconsular province by 133 BCE. Julius Caesar and the emperor Augustus founded 19 colonies here, with Colonia Julia Carthago rapidly becoming an important city. Augustus expanded the province by combining the original province of Africa Vetus ("Old Africa") with the province Caesar had designated as Africa Nova (New Africa"); Africa Nova was composed of the old kingdoms of Numidia and Mauretania. The province exported olive oil to Rome between the 1st and 4th centuries. The numerous and magnificent Roman ruins in Tunisia and Libya attest to the region's prosperity under Roman rule. The province of Numidia was created in the western end of Africa province in the late 2nd century CE under the emperor Septimius Severus; a century later Diocletian formed two provinces, Byzacena and Tripolitania, from the southern and eastern parts of the old province. Germanic Vandals invaded in the 5th century and the area went into decline; Arab invaders conquered the area in the 7th century.

Names:
Africa (preferred,C,V)
Ifriqiya (C,V,Arabic (transliterated),U)
Roman Africa (H,O)
Africa, Roman (H,O)
Africa Proconsularis (H,V,Latin-P,U,N)
Africa Vetus (H,V)
African (province) (C,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Roman Empire (former nation/state/empire)  ....  Roman Empire (former nation/state/empire) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Africa (province)  ........  Africa (province) (P,H) from 146 BCE

Place Types:
province (preferred, H)  ............  of the Roman Empire, from ca. 133 BCE

Related geographic places:
related to ....  Tunisia .......... (nation)
..................  (World, Africa) [1000205]

Sources and Contributors:
Africa..........  [GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 335
African..........  [VP]
.................  Grove Art Online (2008-)
Africa Proconsularis..........  [VP]
...................................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 11
Africa, Roman..........  [VP]
..........................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 11
Africa Vetus..........  [VP]
.......................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 6 July 2004
Ifriqiya..........  [VP]
.................  Grove Art Online (2008-)
Roman Africa..........  [VP]
.......................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Subject: .....  [GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 6 July 2004
..................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 335; 348; 358
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 11
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 6 July 2004
..........  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 11

 

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