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ID: 1000069
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Finland (nation)  Finland (nation)

Coordinates:
Lat: 64 00 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 64.0000  decimal degrees
Long: 026 00 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 26.0000  decimal degrees

Note: Area inhabited by the 8th millenium BCE; two Stone Age cultures were here, both probably Finno-Ugrian. Baltic Finns immigrated and pushed Lapps north in the early centuries CE; clans established by the 8th century. Christians arrived in the 11th century. Ruled by Sweden 1157-1809, then by Russia. Official languages are Finnish and Swedish, though Russian and Lappish (Finno-Ugric) are also spoken.

Names:
Suomi (preferred,C,V,Finnish-P,U,N)
Suomen tasavalta (C,V,O,Finnish,U)
Suomen Tasavalta (C,V,Finnish,U,N)
Finland (C,V,English-P,U,N)
Finland (Swedish-P,U,N)
Republiken Finland (C,V,O,Swedish,U,N)
Republic of Finland (C,O,English,U,N)
Finland, Republic of (C,O,English,U,N)
Finlande (C,O,French-P,U,N)
République de Finlande (C,O,French,U,N)
Finlandia (C,O,Spanish-P,U,N)
República de Finlandia (C,O,Spanish,U)
Finnland (C,O)
Finlândia (C,O)
Финляндия (C,V,Russian-P,U)
Финляндская Республика (C,V,Russian,U)
芬兰 (C,V,Chinese-P,U)
芬兰共和国 (C,V,Chinese,U)
ف يٌَدا (C,V,Arabic-P,U)
جُهور ةً ف يٌَدا (C,V,Arabic,U)
FIN (C,O,ISO3L)
FI (C,O,ISO2L)
ISO246 (C,O,ISO3N)
FI00 (C,O,FIPS)
Finnish (C,O,English,U,A)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Finland (nation)  ........  Finland (nation) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Northern Europe (general region)  ........  Northern Europe (general region) (P)
Hierarchy of Finland (nation)  ............  Finland (nation) (P)

Place Types:
nation (preferred, C)  ............  achieved independence from Russia after 1917
primary political unit (C)
independent sovereign nation (C)
republic (C)
grand duchy (H)  ............  established 1581

Related geographic places:
capital is ....  Helsinki .......... (inhabited place)
..................  (World, Europe, Finland, Uusimaa) [7009880]
member of ....  European Union .......... (union)
................  (World, Europe) [7030305]
................  since 1995
member of ....  Euro Zone .......... (union)
................  (World, Europe) [7033130]
member of ....  United Nations .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029605]
................  joined organization in 1955

Sources and Contributors:
Финляндия..........  [VP]
....................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 23 July 2013
Финляндская Республика..........  [VP]
.........................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 23 July 2013
芬兰..........  [VP]
...........  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 23 July 2013
芬兰共和国..........  [VP]
..............  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 23 July 2013
ف يٌَدا..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 23 July 2013
جُهور ةً ف يٌَدا..........  [VP]
.............................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 23 July 2013
FI..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Country Codes (1996) 14
FI00..........  [VP]
...........  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) accessed 01/20/99
FIN..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Handbook (1988) 778
Finland..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IV, 782 ff.
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1990) plate 51
.................  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) I-32
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 52
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Finlande..........  [BHA, VP]
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 52
Finlandia..........  [VP]
....................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 52
Finlândia..........  [VP]
....................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) 320
Finland, Republic of..........  [VP]
...................................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 293 ff.
Finnish..........  [VP]
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 14
Finnland..........  [VP]
.................  Cassell's German Dictionary (1982) 1044
ISO246..........  [VP]
.................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 14
República de Finlandia..........  [VP]
.........................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 23 July 2013
Republic of Finland..........  [VP]
...................................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 203-205
...................................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Republiken Finland..........  [VP]
...................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1992) 595
République de Finlande..........  [VP]
.........................................  ISO Handbook (1988) 778
Suomen Tasavalta..........  [VP]
.............................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 606
.............................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 396-398
Suomen tasavalta..........  [VP]
.............................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 23 July 2013
Suomi..........  [BHA, FDA, VP Preferred]
..............  CIA, World Fact Book (1995)
..............  Shanks, International Atlas (1991) 140
..............  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 23 July 2013
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1992) 595
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 606
..................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 203-205
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 293 ff.
..................  Cassell's German Dictionary (1982) 1044
..................  CIA, World Fact Book (1995)
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IV, 782 ff.
..................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 14
..................  ISO Handbook (1988) 778
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) accessed 01/20/99
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) 320
..................  Shanks, International Atlas (1991) 140
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1990) plate 51
..................  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) I-32
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 52
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 14
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 396-398
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988)

 

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