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ID: 7016623
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7016623

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Ashgabat (inhabited place)  Ashgabat (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 37 58 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 37.9667  decimal degrees
Long: 058 24 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 58.4000  decimal degrees

Note: Capital city of Turkmenistan, located in the Akhal oasis, on the edge of the Karakum Desert. It was founded in 1881 by the Russians, taking the name of a local Turkmen settlement. It became the provincial capital in 1924. In 1948, the city was almost completely destroyed by an earthquake, then later rebuilt following the same plan. Ashgabat is an administrative, industrial and cultural center with major industries being glass, cotton, and carpet-weaving.

Names:
Ashgabat (preferred,C,V,English-P,U,N)
Ašchabad (C,V)
Ašhabad (C,V)
Aşgabat (C,V)
Ashkhabad (C,V)  ............ name was taken from the name of a nearby settlement , meaning "love town"
Ashkabad (C,V)
Askhabad (C,V)  ............ former spelling, used before 1918
Askabad (C,V)
Ashqabad (C,V)
Poltoratsk (H,V)  ............ 1919-1927

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Turkmenistan (nation)  ........  Turkmenistan (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Aşgabat (national district)  ............  Aşgabat (national district) (P)
Hierarchy of Ashgabat (inhabited place)  ................  Ashgabat (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  founded as a fortress in 1881
city (C)
national capital (C)
provincial capital (C)
educational center (C)
industrial center (C)
cultural center (C)
transportation center (C)

Related geographic places:
capital of ....  Turkmenistan .......... (nation)
..................  (World, Asia) [7006659]
near/adjacent to ....  Nisa .......... (deserted settlement)
..............................  (World, Asia, Turkmenistan, Ahal) [7032028]

Sources and Contributors:
Ašchabad..........  [VP]
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-10
Aşgabat..........  [VP]
.................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (2003-2004) accessed 12 August 2004
Ašhabad..........  [BHA]
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  Louis, Guide to the Soviet Union (1976)
.................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
Ashgabat..........  [VP Preferred]
.................  Facts on File (1999) accessed 01/20/99
.................  Russia, National Geographic (1993) map supplement
Ashkabad..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 12 August 2004
Ashkhabad..........  [BHA, VP]
....................  Britannica Book of the Year (1988) I,626
....................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 16
Ashqabad..........  [VP]
.................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (2003-2004) accessed 12 August 2004
Askabad..........  [VP]
.................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (2003-2004) accessed 12 August 2004
Askhabad..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) I, 626
Poltoratsk..........  [VP]
.......................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I,52-53
Subject: .....  [BHA, VP]
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1988) I,626
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I,52-53
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) I, 626
..................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 12 August 2004
..................  Facts on File (1999) accessed 01/20/99
..................  Louis, Guide to the Soviet Union (1976)
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (2003-2004) accessed 12 August 2004
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-10
..................  Russia, National Geographic (1993) map supplement
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 16
..................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 12 August 2004

 

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