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ID: 7000529
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7000529

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Tonga (nation)  Tonga (nation)

Coordinates:
Lat: 20 00 00 S  degrees minutes   Lat: -20.0000  decimal degrees
Long: 175 00 00 W  degrees minutes   Long: -175.0000  decimal degrees

Note: Comprises over 150 islands; inhabited by Melanesians of lapita tradition 14th century BCE; dominion extended as far as Hawaii by 13th century CE; visited by Dutch in 17th century, British 18th century; civil wars 19th century; nation unified under King George Toupou I; official languages are Tongan and English, though other Polynesian languages are also spoken.

Names:
Tonga (preferred,C,V,English-P,U,N)
Tonga (Spanish-P,U,N)
Tonga (French-P,U,N)
Tonga (Tongan (Tongalese)-P,U,N)
Kingdom of Tonga (C,V,O,English,U,N)
Pule'anga Tonga (C,V,O,Tongan (Tongalese),U,N)
Pule'anga Fakatu'i 'o Tonga (C,V)
Pule 'Anga Tonga (C,V)
Tonga Islands (C,V)
Friendly Islands (C,V)
Royaume des Tonga (C,O,French,U,N)
Reino de Tonga (C,O,Spanish,U,N)
Тонга (C,O,Russian-P,U)
Королевство Тонга (C,O,Russian,U)
汤加 (C,O,Chinese-P,U)
汤加王国 (C,O,Chinese,U)
ثوهغا (C,O,Arabic-P,U)
مم ىَة ثوهغا (C,O,Arabic,U)
TON (C,O,ISO3L)
TO (C,O,ISO2L)
ISO776 (C,O,ISO3N)
TN00 (C,O,FIPS)
Tongan (C,O,English,U,A)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Oceania (continent)  ....  Oceania (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Tonga (nation)  ........  Tonga (nation) (P)

Place Types:
nation (preferred, C)  ............  gained independence June 4, 1970
primary political unit (C)
independent sovereign nation (C)
kingdom (C)  ............  in modern era, since 1845
constitutional monarchy (C)  ............  since 1875
inhabited region (C)  ............  since 14th century BCE
island nation (C)
former territory/colony/dependent state (C)
protectorate (H)  ............  British, 1900-1970

Related geographic places:
capital is ....  Nukuʻalofa .......... (inhabited place)
..................  (World, Oceania, Tonga, Tongatapu, Tongatapu) [1099653]
member of ....  Commonwealth of Nations .......... (association)
................  (World) [7005615]
................  joined association in 1970
member of ....  United Nations .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029605]
................  joined organization in 1999

Sources and Contributors:
Тонга..........  [VP]
..............  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
Королевство Тонга..........  [VP]
................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
汤加..........  [VP]
...........  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
汤加王国..........  [VP]
...........  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
ثوهغا..........  [VP]
..............  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
مم ىَة ثوهغا..........  [VP]
.......................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
Friendly Islands..........  [VP]
.............................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1219
ISO776..........  [VP]
.................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 21
Kingdom of Tonga..........  [VP]
.............................  ISO Handbook (1988) 772
.............................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
.............................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
Pule'anga Fakatu'i 'o Tonga..........  [VP]
...............................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1991) 714
...............................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 730
Pule 'Anga Tonga..........  [VP]
.............................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 940
Pule'anga Tonga..........  [VP]
.............................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 30 July 2009
.............................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
Reino de Tonga..........  [VP]
.............................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 30 July 2009
Royaume des Tonga..........  [VP]
................................  ISO Handbook (1988) 785
TN00..........  [VP]
...........  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) 86
TO..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Country Codes (1996) 21
TON..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Handbook (1988) 772
Tonga..........  [BHA, VP Preferred]
..............  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 653-654
..............  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 2:940
..............  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 11: 840 ff.
..............  Times Atlas of the World (1990) plate 9
..............  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 84
..............  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 30 July 2009
..............  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1219
Tonga Islands..........  [VP]
..........................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1219
Tongan..........  [VP]
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 37
Subject: .....  [BHA, VP]
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1991) 714
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 730
..................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 653-654
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 2:940; II, 940
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XI, 840 ff.; 11: 840 ff.
..................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 21
..................  ISO Handbook (1988) 772; 785
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) 86
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1990) plate 9
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 84
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 37
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1219
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]

 

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