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ID: 1000176
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/1000176

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Mauritania (nation)  Mauritania (nation)

Coordinates:
Lat: 20 00 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 20.0000  decimal degrees
Long: 012 00 00 W  degrees minutes   Long: -12.0000  decimal degrees

Note: Earliest inhabitants of region were blacks and Sanhadja Berbers; was center for Almoravid Berbers 11th century; Arabs invaded and Portuguese arrived 15th century; disputed by several European nations; under French control from 1817, part of French West Africa 1904; official language is Arabic, though French, Toucouleur, Fula, Sarakole, and Wolof are also spoken.

Names:
Mūrītānīyā (preferred,C,V,Arabic (transliterated)-P,U,N)
Al Jumhūriyyah al Islāmiyyah al Mūrītāniyyah (C,V,O,Arabic (transliterated),U)
Al Jumhúríyah al Islámíyah al Múrítáníyah (C,V,Arabic (transliterated),U,N)
al-Jumhūrīyah al-Īslāmīyah al-Mūrītānīyah (C,V,Arabic (transliterated),U,N)
Mauritanie (C,O,French-P,U,N)
République islamique de Mauritanie (C,O,French,U,N)
Mauritania (C,O,English-P,U,N)
Mauritania (Spanish-P,U,N)
Islamic Republic of Mauritania (C,O,English,U,N)
República Islámica de Mauritania (C,O,Spanish,U,N)
La Mauritanie (C,O,French,U,N)
Mauritanië (C,O)
Mauretanien (C,O)
Mauretania (C,O)
Mauritânia (C,O)
Mauritanian Islamic Republic (C,O)
Мавритания (C,O,Russian-P,U)
Исламская Республика Мавритания (C,O,Russian,U)
毛里塔尼亚 (C,O,Chinese-P,U)
毛里塔尼亚伊斯兰共和国 (C,O,Chinese,U)
مور خًاه اَ (C,O,Arabic-P,U)
جُهور ةً مور خًاه اَ الإسلام ةِ (C,O,Arabic,U)
MRT (C,O,ISO3L)
MR (C,O,ISO2L)
ISO478 (C,O,ISO3N)
MR00 (C,O,FIPS)
Mauritanian (C,O,English,U,A)
Mauretanian (C,O)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Africa (continent)  ....  Africa (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Mauritania (nation)  ........  Mauritania (nation) (P)

Place Types:
nation (preferred, C)  ............  gained independence 1960
primary political unit (C)
independent sovereign nation (C)
republic (C)  ............  initially in French Community in 1958
controlled region (H)  ............  French, 1817-1960
territory (H)  ............  French, 1946-1958
colony (H)  ............  French, 1921-1946

Related geographic places:
capital is ....  Nouakchott .......... (inhabited place)
..................  (World, Africa, Mauritania) [1091308]
member of ....  United Nations .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029605]
................  joined organization in 1961

Sources and Contributors:
Мавритания..........  [VP]
.......................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 29 July 2013
Исламская Республика Мавритания..........  [VP]
.....................................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 29 July 2013
毛里塔尼亚..........  [VP]
..............  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 29 July 2013
毛里塔尼亚伊斯兰共和国..........  [VP]
.......................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 29 July 2013
مور خًاه اَ..........  [VP]
.......................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 29 July 2013
جُهور ةً مور خًاه اَ الإسلام ةِ..........  [VP]
.....................................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 29 July 2013
al-Jumhūrīyah al-Īslāmīyah al-Mūrītānīyah..........  [VP]
....................................................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1991) 654
....................................................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 667
Al Jumhúríyah al Islámíyah al Múrítáníyah..........  [VP]
....................................................................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 21 July 2009
Al Jumhūriyyah al Islāmiyyah al Mūrītāniyyah..........  [VP]
.......................................................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 29 July 2013
Islamic Republic of Mauritania..........  [VP]
.....................................................  ISO Handbook (1988) 769
.....................................................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
ISO478..........  [VP]
.................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 17
La Mauritanie..........  [VP]
..........................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 21 July 2009
Mauretania..........  [VP]
.......................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 21 July 2009
Mauretanian..........  [VP]
.......................  Oxford English Dictionary [online] (2002-)
Mauretanien..........  [VP]
.......................  Cassell's German Dictionary (1982) 1195
Mauritania..........  [BHA, VP]
.......................  Britannica Book of the Year (1990) 670
.......................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 400-401
.......................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VII, 957 ff.
.......................  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) I-60
.......................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 66
.......................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 21 July 2009
Mauritânia..........  [VP]
.......................  Novo Dicionário Aurélio (1975) 901
Mauritanian..........  [VP]
.......................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 24
Mauritanian Islamic Republic..........  [VP]
...............................................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 21 July 2009
Mauritanie..........  [BHA, VP]
.......................  Cassell's French Dictionary (1981) 477
Mauritanië..........  [VP]
.......................  Engels Woordenboek (1987) I, 428
MR..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Country Codes (1996) 17
MR00..........  [VP]
...........  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) 55
MRT..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Handbook (1988) 769
Mūrītānīyā..........  [VP Preferred]
.......................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2002)
.......................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 21 July 2009
.......................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 29 July 2013
República Islámica de Mauritania..........  [VP]
.....................................................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 21 July 2009
République islamique de Mauritanie..........  [VP]
...........................................................  ISO Handbook (1988) 781
Subject: .....  [BHA, VP]
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1990) 670
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1991) 654
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 667
..................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 400-401
..................  Cassell's French Dictionary (1981) 477
..................  Cassell's German Dictionary (1982) 1195
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VII, 957 ff.
..................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2002)
..................  Engels Woordenboek (1987) I, 428
..................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 17
..................  ISO Handbook (1988) 769; 781
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) 55
..................  Novo Dicionário Aurélio (1975) 901
..................  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) I-60
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 66
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 24
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]

 

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