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ID: 7016606
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7016606

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Assyria (former nation/state/empire)  Assyria (former nation/state/empire)

Coordinates:
Lat: 36 43 48 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 36.7300  decimal degrees
Long: 042 19 48 E  degrees minutes   Long: 42.3300  decimal degrees

Note: A large kingdom and empire in Northern Mesopotamia, in what is now northern Iraq and southeastern Turkey. The Assyrians were a Semitic people who spoke a dialect of Akkadian. Assyria was a dependency of Babylonia and later of the Mitanni kingdom during most of the 2nd millennium BCE. It became independent in the 14th century BCE and subsequently became a major power in Mesopotamia, Armenia, and sometimes in northern Syria. In the 9th century BCE the kingdom saw expansion and from the mid-8th to the late 7th century BCE, a series of strong Assyrian rulers united most of the Middle East, from Egypt to the Persian Gulf, under Assyrian rule. The last great Assyrian ruler was Ashurbanipal. The empire was defeated by a Chaldean-Median coalition in 612-609 BCE. The Assyrians were noted for the fighting ability and cruelty. They were also monumental builders, as seen at the impressive sites of Nineveh, Ashur, and Nimrud.

Names:
Assyria (preferred,C,O,English-P,U,N)
Assyrian Empire (C,V)
Assyrie (H,O,French-P,U,N)
Assur (H,V)
Asshur (H,V)
Aturia (C,V)
Assyrian (H,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Assyria (former nation/state/empire)  ........  Assyria (former nation/state/empire) (P,H)

Place Types:
former nation/state/empire (preferred, C)
historical region (C)
empire (H)
kingdom (H)

Related geographic places:
capital is ....  Calah .......... (deserted settlement)
..................  (World, Asia, Al-ʻIrāq, Nīnawá) [7002593]
capital is ....  Nineveh .......... (deserted settlement)
..................  (World, Asia, Al-ʻIrāq, Nīnawá) [7017998]
distinguished from ....  Assyria .......... (province)
..................................  (World, Roman Republic and Empire) [7030345]
distinguished from ....  Syria .......... (general region)
..................................  (World, Asia) [7594765]

Sources and Contributors:
Asshur..........  [VP]
.................  Hazlitt, Classical Gazetteer (1995) 56
Assur..........  [VP]
..............  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 18 May 2004
Assyria..........  [BHA, VP Preferred]
.................  Petit Robert II, Noms (1989)
.................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 337
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 86
Assyrian..........  [VP]
.................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 18 May 2004
Assyrian Empire..........  [VP]
.............................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2015-) "history of Mesopotamia"; accessed 24 July 2017
Assyrie..........  [BHA, VP]
.................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
Aturia..........  [VP]
.................  Hazlitt, Classical Gazetteer (1995) 56
Subject: .....  [BHA, VP]
..................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
..................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 18 May 2004
..................  Hazlitt, Classical Gazetteer (1995) 56
..................  Petit Robert II, Noms (1989)
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 337
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 86
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 18 May 2004

 

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The J. Paul Getty Trust