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ID: 1000118
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/1000118

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Al-ʻIrāq (nation)  Al-ʻIrāq (nation)

Coordinates:
Lat: 33 00 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 33.0000  decimal degrees
Long: 044 00 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 44.0000  decimal degrees

Note: Area was center of civilization from 10th mill. BCE; Sumerians arrived 3500 BCE; Akkadian empire developed 2350 BCE, then Babylonian (18th century BCE) and Assyrian (7th century BCE); was invaded by Persians, Alexander, Romans, Byzantines, Arabs (7th century) and Ottomans; official language is Arabic, though English is also widely spoken; Kurdish is official language in Kurdish Autonomous Region.

Names:
Al-ʻIrāq (preferred,C,V,Arabic (transliterated)-P,U,N)
Jumhüriyyat al ʻIrāq (C,V,O,Arabic (transliterated),U)
ʻIraq (C,V,Arabic (transliterated),U,N)
Al Iraq (C,V,Arabic (transliterated),U,N)
Al Jumhouriya al 'Iraquia (C,V,Arabic (transliterated),U,N)
al-Jumhūrīyah al-ʻIrāqīyah (C,V,Arabic (transliterated),U,N)
Iraq (C,O,English-P,U,N)
Iraq (Spanish-P,U,N)
Iraq (French-P,U,N)
Republic of Iraq (C,O,English,U,N)
République d'Iraq (C,O,French,U,N)
República del Iraq (C,O,Spanish,U)
Irak (C,O,German-P,U,N)
Iraque (C,O,Portuguese-P,U,N)
اَ عًِْرَاق (C,V,Arabic-P,U)
جُْهمورِ ةًَ اَ عًِْرَاق (C,V,O,Arabic,U)
Ирак (C,O,Russian-P,U)
Республика Ирак (C,O,Russian,U)
伊拉克 (C,O,Chinese-P,U)
伊拉克共和国 (C,O,Chinese,U)
IRQ (C,O,ISO3L)
IQ (C,O,ISO2L)
ISO368 (C,O,ISO3N)
IZ00 (C,O,FIPS)
Iraqi (C,O,English,U,A)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Al-ʻIrāq (nation)  ........  Al-ʻIrāq (nation) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Middle East (general region)  ....  Middle East (general region) (P)
Hierarchy of Al-ʻIrāq (nation)  ........  Al-ʻIrāq (nation)
 
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Achaemenid Empire (former nation/state/empire)  ........  Achaemenid Empire (former nation/state/empire) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Al-ʻIrāq (nation)  ............  Al-ʻIrāq (nation) (P,H) 612-330 BCE

Place Types:
nation (preferred, C)  ............  gained independence from Britain in October 1932
primary political unit (C)
independent sovereign nation (C)
republic (C)  ............  established July 1958; single-party republic under Socialist Bath party since 1968
kingdom (H)  ............  under Faisal I & II, 1921-1958
territory (H)  ............  Turkish, until 1921

Related geographic places:
capital is ....  Baghdād .......... (inhabited place)
..................  (World, Asia, Al-ʻIrāq, Baghdād) [7002482]
member of ....  Arab League .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7000153]
member of ....  United Nations .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029605]
................  joined organization in 1945

Sources and Contributors:
اَ عًِْرَاق..........  [VP]
.......................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
جُْهمورِ ةًَ اَ عًِْرَاق..........  [VP]
.........................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
Ирак..........  [VP]
...........  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
Республика Ирак..........  [VP]
.............................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
伊拉克..........  [VP]
...........  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
伊拉克共和国..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
Al-ʻIrāq..........  [VP Preferred]
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) 319
.................  Shanks, International Atlas (1991) 216
Al Iraq..........  [VP]
.................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Al Jumhouriya al 'Iraquia..........  [VP]
............................................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 292-293
al-Jumhūrīyah al-ʻIrāqīyah..........  [VP]
...............................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1991) 624
...............................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 631
IQ..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Country Codes (1996) 16
Irak..........  [VP]
...........  Cassell's German Dictionary (1982) 328
Iraq..........  [BHA, VP]
...........  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1988)
...........  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
...........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 6:376 ff.
...........  Middle East, National Geographic (1991) map supplement
...........  Petit Robert II, Noms (1989)
...........  Times Atlas of the World (1985) plate 34
...........  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) 43
...........  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 60
ʻIraq..........  [VP]
..............  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 548
Iraqi..........  [VP]
..............  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 18
Iraque..........  [VP]
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) 319
IRQ..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Handbook (1988) 767
ISO368..........  [VP]
.................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 16
IZ00..........  [VP]
...........  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) accessed 01/20/99
Jumhüriyyat al ʻIrāq..........  [VP]
...................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
República del Iraq..........  [VP]
...................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 24 July 2013
Republic of Iraq..........  [VP]
.............................  ISO Handbook (1988) 767
République d'Iraq..........  [VP]
................................  ISO Handbook (1988) 779
Subject: .....  [BHA, VP]
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1991) 624
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 631
..................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1988)
..................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 292-293
..................  Cassell's German Dictionary (1982) 328
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VI, 376 ff.
..................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 16
..................  ISO Handbook (1988) 767; 779
..................  Middle East, National Geographic (1991) map supplement
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) accessed 01/20/99
..................  Petit Robert II, Noms (1989)
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) 319
..................  Shanks, International Atlas (1991) 216
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1985) plate 34
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 346
..................  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) 43
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 60
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 18
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 548
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]

 

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