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ID: 7001297
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7001297

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Thebes (deserted settlement)  Thebes (deserted settlement)

Coordinates:
Lat: 25 42 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 25.7000  decimal degrees
Long: 032 41 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 32.6830  decimal degrees

Note: Was an ancient city of Upper Egypt, site of the royal residence and center of worship of Amon. It reached its apex in the New Kingdom (ca. 1580-1080 BCE), when it was a storehouse for the wealth of defeated nations. Thebes spanned the Nile River about 400 miles south of modern Cairo. The east bank is the site of modern Luxor and El Karnak, and was formerly the city of the living, with great temples and residences. On the west bank was the city of the dead, containing the valleys of the royal tombs, royal mortuary temples, and the houses of priests and workers devoted to the dead. The Egyptians called the city Wase, and later Nowe. The ancient Greeks called it Thebes, probably because it reminded them of their own Thebes, with its large gates. It was destroyed by the Romans in 29 BCE. Today the area is an archaeological site. Designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1979.

Names:
Thebes (preferred,C,O,S,English-P,U,N)
Tebe (C,O)
طيبة‎ (C,V,Arabic,U)
Tībah (C,V,Arabic (transliterated),U)
Thèbes (C,O)
Thebae (C,V)  ............ Roman
Thebae Aegypti (C,V)
Thēvai (C,V)
Thēbai (C,V,Greek (transliterated),U)
Θῆβαι (C,V,Greek,U)
Thiva (C,V)
Theben (C,V,German,U,N)
Thebai (C,V)
Thívai (C,V,Greek (transliterated),U,N)
Theban (C,V,English,U,A)
Diospolis (H,V)
Diospolis Magna (H,V)  ............ ancient name
No (H,V)  ............ Biblical
Nowe (H,V)  ............ used from 22nd century BCE
Nuwe (H,V)
Wase (H,V)  ............ ancient Egyptian name
Woʻse (H,V)
Waset (H,V)
Θῆβαι ἑκατόμπυλοι (H,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Africa (continent)  ....  Africa (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Egypt (nation)  ........  Egypt (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Qinā (governorate)  ............  Qinā (governorate) (P)
Hierarchy of Thebes (deserted settlement)  ................  Thebes (deserted settlement) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Africa (continent)  ....  Africa (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Egypt (former nation/state/empire)  ........  Egypt (former nation/state/empire) (P)
Hierarchy of Thebes (deserted settlement)  ............  Thebes (deserted settlement) (P)

Place Types:
deserted settlement (preferred, C)  ............  important site by 3rd mill. BCE; destroyed by Romans 29 BCE; few villages remained by 20 BCE
archaeological site (C)  ............  site of many remains, including Tutankhamen's tomb
ancient site (C)
World Heritage Site (C)  ............  from 1979
inhabited place (H)

Related geographic places:
capital of ....  New Kingdom .......... (former nation/state/empire)
..................  (World, Africa, Egypt, ancient, Pharonic Egypt) [7029635]
historical connection ....  Thebes .......... (inhabited place)
........................................  (World, Europe, Greece, Central Greece and Euboea, Voíótía regional division) [7029383]
........................................  Greek and Egyptian cities had same nwme, temples to Amun, and loose association since ancient times, as mentioned in the Iliad

Sources and Contributors:
طيبة‎..........  [VP]
..............  Riefstahl and Rizq, Thebes in the Time of Amunhotep III (1964)
Θῆβαι..........  [VP]
..............  Bukharin, Location of Ptolemais (2011)
Θῆβαι ἑκατόμπυλοι..........  [VP]
................................  Archaeology Magazine [online] (2000-)
Diospolis..........  [VP]
....................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 927
Diospolis Magna..........  [VP]
.............................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 927
No..........  [VP]
...........  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 927
Nowe..........  [VP]
...........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1985) XI, 679
Nuwe..........  [VP]
...........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1985) XI, 679
Tebe..........  [VP]
...........  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 524
Thebae..........  [VP]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 927
Thebae Aegypti..........  [VP]
.............................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
Thebai..........  [VP]
.................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (2000-2003) Accessed 05/29/2002.
Thēbai..........  [VP]
.................  Bukharin, Location of Ptolemais (2011)
Theban..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2002) "Athens and Thebes." Accessed 05/29/2002.
Theben..........  [VP]
.................  Cassell's German Dictionary (1982)
.................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (2000-2003) Accessed 05/29/2002.
Thebes..........  [VP Preferred]
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 193, 357
Thèbes..........  [VP]
.................  Cassell's French Dictionary (1981) 551
Thēvai..........  [VP]
.................  Library of Congress Name Authority File Acessed 05/28/2002.
Thiva..........  [VP]
..............  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (2000-2003) Accessed 05/29/2002.
Thívai..........  [VP]
.................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (2000-2003)
Tībah..........  [VP]
..............  Riefstahl and Rizq, Thebes in the Time of Amunhotep III (1964)
Wase..........  [VP]
...........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1985) XI, 679
Waset..........  [VP]
..............  Canby, Historic Places (1984)
Woʻse..........  [VP]
..............  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1985) XI, 679
Subject: .....  [VP]
..................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 927
..................  Cassell's French Dictionary (1981) 551
..................  Cassell's German Dictionary (1982)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1985) XI, 679
..................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2002) "Athens and Thebes." Accessed 05/29/2002.
..................  Library of Congress Name Authority File Acessed 05/28/2002.
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -304055
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (2000-2003) Accessed 05/29/2002.
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 193, 357
..................  UNESCO World Heritage Centre [online] (1992-) accessed 16 December 2009
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 524
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2002) Accessed 05/29/2002.
..........  UNESCO World Heritage Centre [online] (1992-) accessed 16 December 2009
..........  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988)

 

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