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ID: 7013260
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7013260

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Hanover (inhabited place)  Hanover (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 52 22 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 52.3667  decimal degrees
Long: 009 43 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 9.7167  decimal degrees

Note: The city of Hanover, capitol of Lower Saxony, Germany, is situated on the Leine River and the Mittelland Canal. It belonged to the Calenberg-Celle line of the House of Welf from 1495, from which George Louis became King George I of Britain in 1714. Hanover was the capitol of the kingdom of Hanover from 1815 to 1866, when it was annexed by Prussia. It was heavily damaged in World War II, and was rebuilt. Some of its historic structures were restored, including the old town hall, 1435-80, the opera house 1842-52, the Market Church, 1349-59, and the church of the Cross, 1333. Hanover has always been noted for its parks and public gardens, the most famous of which include the Great Garden, laid out in the 17th century, the Hanover woods, the Hermann-Löns Park, the Stadtpark, and the zoological gardens. Some ruins are left standing as memorials to the war dead. The city now functions as a center for communication and transportation (rail, air, and highway), finance, and industry. It is known as a manufacturing center for machinery and motor vehicles. From 1947 a German industrial fair, now names the Hanover Fair, has been held there, a fact that has greatly inspired its commercial development. The 2004 estimated population was 516,300.

Names:
Hannover (preferred,C,V,German,U,N)
Hanover (C,O,English-P,U,N)
Hanovre (C,O,French,U,N)
Honovere (NA,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Germany (nation)  ........  Germany (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Lower Saxony (state)  ............  Lower Saxony (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Hanover (inhabited place)  ................  Hanover (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  first documented in 1100, chartered in 1241, largely rebuilt after World War II
city (C)
state capital (C)  ............  of Niedersachsen, since 1946
district capital (C)
river settlement (C)
commercial center (C)  ............  joined Hanseatic League in 1386
industrial center (C)
transportation center (C)
trade center (C)  ............  noted for German Industries Fair (Hannover Fair), first held in 1947
cultural center (C)  ............  noted for many museums of art, antiquities, prehistory, and natural history; was home of philosopher GW Leibnitz (died 1716)
capital (H)  ............  of electorate (from 1692) then kingdom (from 1814) of Hannover
regional capital (C)

Sources and Contributors:
Hannover..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1: 375
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988)
.................  Müllers Deutsches Ortsbuch (1988)
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 80
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Hanover..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Van Marle, Pittura Italiana (1932)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 486-487
Hanovre..........  [VP]
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-68
Honovere..........  [VP]
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1: 375
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988)
..................  Müllers Deutsches Ortsbuch (1988)
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1785903
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-68
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 80
..................  Van Marle, Pittura Italiana (1932)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 486-487
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1:375
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) "Hannover." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. 2002-. http://www.search.eb.com/eb/article?eu=39968&tocid=0&query=hannover&ct=eb (12 July 2004)
..........  World Gazetteer [online] (1990-2006) accessed 12 July 2004

 

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