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ID: 7010300
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7010300

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Tashkent (inhabited place)  Tashkent (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 41 19 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 41.3160  decimal degrees
Long: 069 15 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 69.2500  decimal degrees

Note: The largest city in Central Asia, Tashkent is located in the Chirchiq River valley close to the border of Kazakhstan. It dates from around the 2nd-1st centuries BCE, and has been known as Tashkent (stone village) since the 11th century CE. Because of its location along a strategic caravan route, the Arabs first conquered Tashkent in the 8th century, and later the Mongols conquered in the 13th. After Timurnid and Shaybanid rule, the city was annexed to the khanate of Kokand. By 1865, when the Russians captured the city, the population was 70,000. The Russians established the protectorate of Turkistan, and make Tashkent the capital in 1867. Turkistan was divided in 1924, and Tashkent became the capital of the new region in 1930. The city's main industry is cotton production, and it contains many institutions of higher education. Although several structures from the 15th and 16th centuries still survive, earthquake damage has caused much of the city to be rebuilt.

Names:
Tashkent (preferred,C,V,English-P,U,N)  ............ name used at least by 11th cen., means "stone village" in Uzbek
Taškent (C,V)
Toshkent (C,V)
Taschkent (C,O)
Dzhadzh (H,V)
Chachkent (H,V)
Shashkent (H,V)
Binkent (H,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of O'zbekiston (nation)  ........  O'zbekiston (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Toshkent (special city)  ............  Toshkent (special city) (P)
Hierarchy of Tashkent (inhabited place)  ................  Tashkent (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  settlement dates from at least 2nd cen. BC
city (C)
national capital (C)
provincial capital (C)
commercial center (C)
cultural center (C)
industrial center (C)
educational center (C)

Related geographic places:
capital of ....  O'zbekiston .......... (nation)
..................  (World, Asia) [7006661]
located on ....  Silk Road .......... (road)
..................  (World) [7031416]

Sources and Contributors:
Binkent..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XI, 570
Chachkent..........  [VP]
....................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XI, 570
Dzhadzh..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XI, 570
Shashkent..........  [VP]
....................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XI, 570
Taschkent..........  [VP]
....................  Rand McNally Atlas (Reprinted 1994) I-173
Tashkent..........  [BHA, VP Preferred]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 917
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XI, 570
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 195
Taškent..........  [BHA]
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
Toshkent..........  [VP]
.................  Russia, National Geographic (1993) map supplement
Subject: .....  [BHA, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 917
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XI, 570
..................  NGA, GEOnet Names Server (2008-) accessed 16 February 2016
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (Reprinted 1994) I-173
..................  Russia, National Geographic (1993) map supplement
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 195
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 17 August 2004

 

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