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ID: 7006661
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7006661

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of O'zbekiston (nation)  O'zbekiston (nation)

Coordinates:
Lat: 41 00 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 41.0000  decimal degrees
Long: 064 00 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 64.0000  decimal degrees

Note: Civilization dates back to the Paleolithic Period in what is now present-day Uzbekistan. The region was conquered by the Arabs in 711 CE, and later by the Mongols and Genghis Khan in the 13th century. Turkic-Mongol tribes from Siberia most likely brought the name Uzbek to the region, settling near the Syr Darya river in the 15th century. The Uzbek tribesman conquered cities in the region, uprooting the sitting Timurids, and giving way to the Shaybanid dynasty which ruled for a century, exerting a strong Uzbek influence. The following dynasty, the Ashtarkhanid, lost control of the region to Iran, and became divided into three separate tribal khanates. The Russians began invading in the 19th century, with Uzbek territory completely in Russian hands by 1875 and becoming part of Russian Turkistan. Under the Russians, industrialization quickly came to the region. The Russian Revolution of 1917 sent the region into turmoil, with various movements vying for control, and the Russians fighting insurrections. In 1921, the communists once again held power in the region, which was redrawn by the Russians along ethnic lines in 1924. Two of those created territories were Uzbekistan and Karakalpakstan, the latter being annexed to Uzbekistan in 1936, though remaining an autonomous republic. Struggle continued as communist purges exacted damage among the Uzbek population. During World War II, Russia relocated thousands of Polish, Russian and Jewish cultural figures to Uzbekistan. The death of Stalin brought Uzbekistan back into world politics, though the Communist Party of Uzbekistan has retained control of the country's leadership. Uzbekistan is an arid country, with most of the population living in the eastern Fergana Valley. Portions of western Uzbekistan have been effected due to the environmental poisoning of the area near the Aral Sea. The country's chief industries are cotton and natural gas.

Names:
O'zbekiston (preferred,C,V,Uzbek-P,U,N)
O'zbekiston Respublikasi (C,V,O,Uzbek,U,N)
Ozbekistan (C,V)
Ozbekistan Jumhuriyäti (C,V)
Uzbekskaya (C,O)
Uzbekistan (C,O,English-P,U,N)
Republic of Uzbekistan (C,O,English,U,N)
Ouzbékistan (C,O,French-P,U,N)
République d'Ouzbékistan (C,O,French,U,N)
Uzbekistán (C,O,Spanish-P,U,N)
República de Uzbekistán (C,O,Spanish,U,N)
Узбекистан (C,O,Russian-P,U)
Республика Узбекистан (C,O,Russian,U)
乌兹别克斯坦 (C,O,Chinese-P,U)
乌兹别克斯坦共和国 (C,O,Chinese,U)
أوزبىس خان (C,O,Arabic-P,U)
جُهور ةً أوزبىس خان (C,O,Arabic,U)
UZB (C,O,ISO3L)
UZ (C,O,ISO2L)
ISO860 (C,O,ISO3N)
UZ00 (C,O,FIPS)
Uzbekskaja Sovetskaja Socialističeskaja Respublika (H,V)  ............ 1924-1991
Usbekskaya SSR (H,V)  ............ 1924-1991
Uzbek SSR (H,O)  ............ 1924-1991
Uzbek (C,O,English,U,A)
Usbeck (C,O)
Usbeg (C,O)
Uzbeg (C,O)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of O'zbekiston (nation)  ........  O'zbekiston (nation) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Soyuz Sovetskikh Sotsialisticheskikh Respublik (former nation/state/empire)  ........  Soyuz Sovetskikh Sotsialisticheskikh Respublik (former nation/state/empire) (P,H)
Hierarchy of O'zbekiston (nation)  ............  O'zbekiston (nation)
 
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Russian Central Asia (former administrative division)  ........  Russian Central Asia (former administrative division) (P)
Hierarchy of O'zbekiston (nation)  ............  O'zbekiston (nation) (P)

Place Types:
nation (preferred, C)  ............  became independent when the USSR was dissolved on December 36, 1991
primary political unit (C)
republic (C)

Related geographic places:
capital is ....  Tashkent .......... (inhabited place)
..................  (World, Asia, O'zbekiston, Toshkent) [7010300]
member of ....  Commonwealth of Independent States .......... (association)
................  (World) [1000094]
member of ....  United Nations .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029605]
................  joined organization in 1992

Sources and Contributors:
Узбекистан..........  [VP]
.......................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
Республика Узбекистан..........  [VP]
......................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
乌兹别克斯坦..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
乌兹别克斯坦共和国..........  [VP]
....................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
أوزبىس خان..........  [VP]
.......................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
جُهور ةً أوزبىس خان..........  [VP]
...................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
ISO860..........  [VP]
.................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 22
Ouzbékistan..........  [VP]
.......................  ISO Newsletter (1992) 1992-06-15, III-34
Ozbekistan..........  [VP Preferred]
.......................  Britannica Book of the Year (1994) 746
Ozbekistan Jumhuriyäti..........  [VP]
.........................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 746
O'zbekiston..........  [VP]
.......................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 30 July 2009
O'zbekiston Respublikasi..........  [VP]
.........................................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 30 July 2009
.........................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
República de Uzbekistán..........  [VP]
.........................................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 30 July 2009
Republic of Uzbekistan..........  [VP]
.........................................  ISO Newsletter (1992) 1992-06-25, III-34
République d'Ouzbékistan..........  [VP]
.........................................  ISO Newsletter (1992) 1992-06-15, III-34
Usbeck..........  [VP]
.................  OED2 on CD-ROM (1994)
Usbeg..........  [VP]
..............  OED2 on CD-ROM (1994)
Usbekskaya SSR..........  [FDA, VP]
.............................  Times Atlas of the World (1988)
UZ..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Country Codes (1996) 22
UZ00..........  [VP]
...........  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) 94
UZB..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Newsletter (1992) 1992-06-15, III-34
Uzbeg..........  [VP]
..............  OED2 on CD-ROM (1994)
Uzbek..........  [VP]
..............  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 40
Uzbekistan..........  [BHA, VP]
.......................  Britannica Book of the Year (1992) 720-721
.......................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.......................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) plate 38
Uzbekistán..........  [VP]
.......................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 90
Uzbekskaja Sovetskaja Socialističeskaja Respublika..........  [VP]
...................................................................................  Rand McNally Atlas (1986) I-216
Uzbekskaya..........  [VP]
.......................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 680
Uzbek SSR..........  [FDA, VP]
....................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 359
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, VP]
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1992) 720-721
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 746
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1994) 747; 746
..................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 680
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 10 August 2004
..................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 22
..................  ISO Newsletter (1992) 1992-06-15, III-34; 1992-06-25, III-34
..................  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) 94
..................  OED2 on CD-ROM (1994)
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1986) I-216
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1988)
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) plate 38
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 359
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 90
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 40
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 16 August 2004

 

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