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ID: 7007868
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Brussels (inhabited place)  Brussels (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 50 50 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 50.8333  decimal degrees
Long: 004 20 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 4.3333  decimal degrees

Note: The city of Brussels is the capital of modern Belgium. The original village grew up around a chapel on an island in the Zenne River. By the 6th century, it found itself located on an important trade route, and became a flourishing commercial center specializing in woolens in the medieval period. The merchant aristocracy was forced to share power with the craftsmen after their revolt in 1421. It was ruled successively by the Duke of Burgundy, then the Holy Roman Empire. It was part of the Spanish Netherlands from 1530, then of modern Belgium from 1830. In the 20th and early 21st centuries, it produced textiles, chemicals, electrical equipment, machinery, rubber goods and brewed beverages. It has become something of an international capital since it became the headquarters of the European Union.

Names:
Bruxelles (preferred,C,V,French-P,U,N)
Brussel (C,V,Dutch-P,U,N)
Bruselas (C,O)
Brussels (C,O,English-P,U,N)
Brusselle (C,O)
BrĂ¼ssel (C,O,German-P,U,N)
Bruxellae (H,O,Latin,U,N)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Belgium (nation)  ........  Belgium (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest (region (administrative division))  ............  Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest (region (administrative division)) (P)
Hierarchy of Brussels (inhabited place)  ................  Brussels (inhabited place) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Brabant (historical region)  ........  Brabant (historical region) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Brussels (inhabited place)  ............  Brussels (inhabited place)
 
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Flanders (former nation/state/empire)  ........  Flanders (former nation/state/empire) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Brussels (inhabited place)  ............  Brussels (inhabited place) (P,H)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  village grew up around a chapel on an island in the Zenne river
city (C)
national capital (C)  ............  of the Spanish Netherlands from 1530; of modern Belgium from 1830
provincial capital (C)
commercial center (C)
industrial center (C)  ............  produces textiles, chemicals, electrical equipment, machinery, rubber goods & brewed beverages
tourist center (C)
episcopal see (C)

Related geographic places:
capital of ....  Belgium .......... (nation)
..................  (World, Europe) [1000063]

Sources and Contributors:
Bruselas..........  [VP]
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-25
Brussel..........  [FDA, VP]
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1988)
BrĂ¼ssel..........  [VP]
.................  Cassell's German Dictionary (1982) 878
Brusselle..........  [VP]
....................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 75
Brussels..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 128
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 583-584
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 183-184
Bruxellae..........  [VP]
....................  Concise Description of Flanders [web site] (2002) accessed 22 Jan 2003
Bruxelles..........  [BHA, FDA, VP Preferred]
....................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
....................  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
....................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
....................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
....................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
....................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 128
..................  Cassell's German Dictionary (1982) 878
..................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 75
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Concise Description of Flanders [web site] (2002) accessed 22 Jan 2003
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 583-584
..................  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1955538
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-25
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1988)
..................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 183-184
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2002) "Brussels." accessed 24 July 2003

 

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