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ID: 7004982
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7004982

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Dortmund (inhabited place)  Dortmund (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 51 31 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 51.5167  decimal degrees
Long: 007 27 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 7.4500  decimal degrees

Note: The west-central German city of Dortmund is located in the industrial Ruhr district at the head of the Dortmund-Ems Canal. The site was first known under the name of Throtmanni in 885, and became a free imperial city in 1220. In medieval times it was a prosperous member of the Hanseatic League, and in the 14th century the English crown several times applied to its merchants for loans. It underwent a decline after the Thirty Years' War and lost its status as an imperial city in 1803, but revived in the 19th-century with the development of coal and iron mining and the construction in 1899 of the canal with extensive port facilities. World War II bombardment caused great destruction, and the city has been rebuilt along planned, modern lines. Four medieval churches have been restored, and the remains of four moated castles and Saxon and Carolingian fortresses. Significant modern architecture includes the Westphalia Hall, built 1952, one of Europe's largest halls, and the synagogue built in 1956. Dortmund has many educational institutions, including a university, and the large Museum of Art and Culture. Its primary commercials products are beer, coal, and steel, and it hosts a world famous bridge-building firm. Its 2004 estimated population was 592,200.

Names:
Dortmund (preferred,C,V,German-P,U,N)
Throtmenni (NA,V)
Throtmanni (H,V)
Throtmannia (H,V)  ............ name used in 9th cen. AD
Tremonia (H,V)  ............ name used in 12th cen.

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Germany (nation)  ........  Germany (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of North Rhine-Westphalia (state)  ............  North Rhine-Westphalia (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Dortmund (inhabited place)  ................  Dortmund (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  first documented in 885
city (C)
port (C)
industrial center (C)
mining center (C)  ............  for coal & iron ore, from 19th cen.
commercial center (C)  ............  noted especially for international bridge-building firms
transportation center (C)
market center (C)
educational center (C)  ............  site of several famous instutions, including University of Dortmund, branches of Max Planck Institute & Münster University
cultural center (C)  ............  famed for Museum housing "Dortmund treasure," a cache of gold coins
imperial city (H)  ............  declared in 1220; lost rights in 1803

Sources and Contributors:
Dortmund..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IV, 189
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 57
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Throtmanni..........  [VP]
.......................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 251
Throtmannia..........  [VP]
.......................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 341
Throtmenni..........  [VP]
.......................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Tremonia..........  [VP]
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 341
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 251
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IV, 189
..................  LC Name Authority Headings. [online] (2002-) Dortmund (Germany) NAF80076227 (15 ov. 2004)
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1761123
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 57
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 341
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1:251
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) "Dortmund." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. 2002-. http://www.search.eb.com/eb/article?tocId=9030995&query=Dortmund&ct=eb (15 Nov. 2004).
..........  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 341

 

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