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ID: 7004847
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Bologna (inhabited place)  Bologna (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 44 30 27 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 44.5070  decimal degrees
Long: 011 21 05 E  degrees minutes   Long: 11.3510  decimal degrees

Elevation:
177.165  feet    54.0000  meters

Note: Etruscan town was taken by Gallic Boii 4th century BCE; was Roman colony ca. 196 BCE; part of Greek exarchate of Ravenna 6th century CE, then went to pope; damaged in Goth and Hun invasions. There was internal Guelph-Ghibelline strife and a series of wars was fought from the mid-13th century through the early 14th century between Guelf-controlled Florence and allies (Montepulciano, Bologna, and Orvieto) and their Ghibelline opponents (Pisa, Siena, Pistoia, and Arezzo). Bologna thrived under Papal States from 1506.

Names:
Bologna (preferred,C,V)
Bologne (C,O)
Bolonia (C,O)
Bulåggna (C,V,Emiliano-Romagnolo,U)
Bolognese (C,O,English,U,A)
Bononia (H,V,S,Latin,U,N)  ............ ancient Roman name; given to city by Gauls of Boii tribe in mid-4th century BCE
Felsina (H,V,Ancient Latin,U,N)  ............ name of 6th-century-BCE Etruscan city

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Italy (nation)  ........  Italy (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Emilia-Romagna (region (administrative division))  ............  Emilia-Romagna (region (administrative division)) (P)
Hierarchy of Bologna (province)  ................  Bologna (province) (P)
Hierarchy of Bologna (inhabited place)  ....................  Bologna (inhabited place) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Etruria (former group of nations/states/cities)  ........  Etruria (former group of nations/states/cities) (P)
Hierarchy of Bologna (inhabited place)  ............  Bologna (inhabited place) (P,H) the Etruscan city of Felsina was taken by Gallic Boii in the 4th century BCE

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  founded by Etruscans ca. 510 BCE, on site of earlier Villanovan Iron Age settlement (of Urnfield type)
city (C)
regional capital (C)
provincial capital (C)
university center (C)  ............  for one of the oldest universities in Europe, dating from 11th cen.; especially noted for legal & medical studies
transportation center (C)  ............  was on the ancient Via Aemelia, still is a major hub for road & rail traffic
agricultural center (C)
industrial center (C)  ............  developed after WW I; produces agricultural machinery, railway equipment, motors, chemicals & shoes
cultural center (C)  ............  site of many museums; especially noted for painters of 16th-17th cen., including the Carracci, Guido Reni & Guercino
episcopal see (C)  ............  the see of Bologna was raised to an archbishopric in 1582
archaeological site (C)  ............  Villanovan graves & other sites have been excavated; noted as most important Villanovan site N of the Apennines
Ancient Roman (H)
Celtic (H)
Etruscan (H)
Villanovan (H)

Related geographic places:
ally of ....  Florence .......... (inhabited place)
............  (World, Europe, Italy, Tuscany, Firenze province) [7000457]
............  Guelf allies during the 13th and 14th centuries
ally of ....  Montepulciano .......... (inhabited place)
............  (World, Europe, Italy, Tuscany, Siena province) [7006345]
............  Guelf allies during the 13th and 14th centuries
ally of ....  Orvieto .......... (inhabited place)
............  (World, Europe, Italy, Umbria, Terni province) [7005124]
............  Guelf allies during the 13th and 14th centuries

Sources and Contributors:
Bologna..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 2:343-344
.................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 06/24/99
.................  National Gallery of Art database, Washington (1987-)
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Times Atlas of the World. Reprint ed. (1994) 30
Bologne..........  [VP]
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-22
Bolognese..........  [VP]
....................  OED2 on CD-ROM (1994)
Bolonia..........  [VP]
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-22
Bononia..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 111
.................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2002) accessed 06/24/99
.................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 8299
.................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979)
Bulåggna..........  [VP]
.................  Archaeology Magazine [online] (2000-)
Felsina..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2002) accessed 06/24/99
.................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 26 Sep 2002
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 111
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 343-344; 2:343-344
..................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2002) accessed 06/24/99
..................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 26 Sep 2002
..................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 8299
..................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 06/24/99; 26 Sep 2002; accessed 26 Sep 2002
..................  National Gallery of Art database, Washington (1987-)
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -111742
..................  OED2 on CD-ROM (1994)
..................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979)
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-22
..................  Times Atlas of the World. Reprint ed. (1994) 30
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 26 Sep 2002

 

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