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ID: 7000874
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Rome (inhabited place)  Rome (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 41 54 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 41.9000  decimal degrees
Long: 012 29 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 12.4833  decimal degrees

Note: City positioned on 7 hills over the swampy Tiber river area; one of the oldest continuously occupied sites in Europe. Archaeological evidence attests to human occupation of the area from ca. 14,000 years ago, but the dense layer of later debris obscures Palaeolithic and Neolithic sites. Was an Etruscan city by 8th cen. BCE, their kings expelled and republic established by 500 BCE; soon ruled vast area and was center of Empire from 31 BCE; declined when capital moved to Constantinople in 330 CE; revived under popes.

Names:
Roma (preferred,C,V,Italian-P,U,N)  ............ name probably means "city of the Rumi (referring to Etruscan noble class)"
Roma (Latin-P,U,N)
Urbe (C,V,P)  ............ nickname for Rome, meaning "The City"
Rome (C,O,English-P,U,N)
Rom (C,O)
Roman (C,O,English,U,A)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Italy (nation)  ........  Italy (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Lazio (region (administrative division))  ............  Lazio (region (administrative division)) (P)
Hierarchy of Roma (province)  ................  Roma (province) (P)
Hierarchy of Rome (inhabited place)  ....................  Rome (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  traditionally founded by Romulus in 753 BCE, but actually there has been uninterrupted habitation since 2nd mill. BCE
city (C)  ............  established & unified since 6th cen. BCE
national capital (C)  ............  was capital of Roman Republic & Empire, & of powerful Papal States in Middle Ages; of newly united Kingdom of Italy from 1871
regional capital (C)
provincial capital (C)
administrative center (C)  ............  today most of the work force of the city is employed in some aspect of administration of the government
religious center (C)  ............  was in hands of Roman Catholic Church from 6th cen.; now actual seat of the Church is Vatican City, within city of Rome
tourist center (C)
transportation center (C)  ............  major roads have converged here since ancient times; also is center for rail & air traffic
archaeological site (C)  ............  has countless notable ruins, dating from 13th cen. BC through Roman & medieval periods
cultural center (C)  ............  noted as great center of architecture, art & music, especially during ancient times & during Renaissance & Baroque periods
commercial center (C)
industrial center (C)  ............  most industry is confined to suburbs
Etruscan (H)
Neolithic (H)
Paleolithic (H)

Related geographic places:
capital of ....  Italy .......... (nation)
..................  (World, Europe) [1000080]
capital of ....  Lazio .......... (region (administrative division))
..................  (World, Europe, Italy) [7003080]
capital of ....  Roman Empire .......... (former nation/state/empire)
..................  (World) [7030347]

Sources and Contributors:
Rom..........  [FDA, VP]
...........  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
...........  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Roma..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
...........  Annuario Generale (1980)
...........  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 2:785-786
...........  National Gallery of Art database, Washington (1987-)
...........  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
...........  Pleiades (2006-) http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/423025
...........  TCI: Roma e Dintorni (1977) 11 ff.
...........  Times Atlas of the World. Reprint ed. (1994) 163
...........  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 1027
Roman..........  [VP]
..............  OED2 on CD-ROM (1994)
Rome..........  [FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
...........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) X, 162-163
...........  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
...........  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 1027
Urbe..........  [VP]
...........  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 549
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Annuario Generale (1980)
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 785-786; 2:785-786
..................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 549
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) X, 162-163
..................  National Gallery of Art database, Washington (1987-)
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -126693
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  OED2 on CD-ROM (1994)
..................  TCI: Roma e Dintorni (1977) 11 ff.
..................  Times Atlas of the World. Reprint ed. (1994) 163
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 1027
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1985)

 

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