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ID: 7029493
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Gwynedd (county)  Gwynedd (county)

Coordinates:
Lat: 53 05 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 53.0833  decimal degrees
Long: 004 00 00 W  degrees minutes   Long: -4.0000  decimal degrees

Note: County in northwestern Wales, with an area of 983 sq mi. and administrative headquarters in Caernarfon. Most of the area lies in Snowdonia National Park and it includes Snowdon, the highest mountain in Wales. Cattle and sheep farming, and some mining, are main industries; farming has recently decreased. The Welsh kingdom of Gwynedd was ruled by a dynasty claiming descent from Cunedda; the royal residence was established first at Degannwy and later at Aberffraw, in Anglesey. It is a stronghold of Welsh culture and language. As an administrative region, Gwynedd was recreated as a county in 1974, including Anglesey county, Caernarvonshire, and parts of Denbighshire and Merionethshire). It was reformed in 1996 as a smaller area, losing Anglesey, which was reinstated as a county, and part of the northeast.

Names:
Gwynedd (preferred,C,V,English,U)
Caernarvon (C,V,English,U)
Carnarvon (C,V,English,U)
Gwyneth (C,V)
Gwyn (C,V)  ............ abbreviation
Gwynd (C,V)  ............ abbreviation
GWN (C,V)  ............ abbreviation
Arfon (NA,V,English,U)
UK00 (NA,V,FIPS,English,U)
UKY2 (NA,V,English,U)
Arvonia (H,O)
Caernarfonshire and Merionethshire (H,V)
Caernarvonshire (H,V,English,U)
Carnarvonshire (H,V,English,U)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of United Kingdom (nation)  ........  United Kingdom (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Wales (country)  ............  Wales (country) (P)
Hierarchy of Gwynedd (county)  ................  Gwynedd (county) (P)

Place Types:
county (preferred, C)  ............  created in 1974
unitary authority (C)  ............  created in 1996
agricultural land (C)
second level subdivision (H)
kingdom (H)
principality (H)  ............  of North Wales; subjugated by the English in 1282
first level subdivision (C)

Sources and Contributors:
Arfon..........  [VP]
..............  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Arvonia..........  [VP]
.................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 30
Caernarfonshire and Merionethshire..........  [VP]
...........................................................  A-Z: Great Britain (1996)
Caernarvon..........  [VP]
.......................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.......................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
.......................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 199
Caernarvonshire..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
.............................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.............................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
.............................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 199
Carnarvon..........  [VP]
....................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
....................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 199
Carnarvonshire..........  [VP]
.............................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.............................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 199
GWN..........  [VP]
...........  Curious Fox: UK Counties and Shires [online] (2002). accessed 16 Dec 2002
Gwyn..........  [VP]
...........  Gazetteer of Great Britain (1999) xvii
Gwynd..........  [VP]
..............  BIAB Online (1999-2000) accessed 16 Dec 2002
Gwynedd..........  [BHA, VP Preferred]
.................  Bartholomew Gazetteer of Britain (1986)
.................  Blue Guide: Wales (1979) 16
.................  Counties & UA's: map of GB & N Ireland
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) V, 589
.................  Hutchinson Family Encyclopedia Online
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Gwyneth..........  [VP]
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 478
UK00..........  [VP]
...........  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
UKY2..........  [VP]
...........  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  A-Z: Great Britain (1996)
..................  Bartholomew Gazetteer of Britain (1986)
..................  BIAB Online (1999-2000) accessed 16 Dec 2002
..................  Blue Guide: Wales (1979) 16
..................  Counties & UA's: map of GB & N Ireland
..................  Curious Fox: UK Counties and Shires [online] (2002). accessed 16 Dec 2002
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) V, 589
..................  Gazetteer of Great Britain (1999) xvii
..................  Hutchinson Family Encyclopedia Online
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -2591509; -2597906
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  Orbis Latinus (1971) 30
..................  Oxford Paperback Encyclopedia (1998)
..................  UK National Statistics [online] (2001) accessed 1 May 2001
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 199; 478
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Macmillan Encyclopedia 2001 (2000)
..........  Oxford English Reference Dictionary (1996)
..........  Oxford Paperback Encyclopedia (1998)

 

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