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ID: 7017902
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Sacramento (inhabited place)  Sacramento (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 38 34 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 38.5667  decimal degrees
Long: 121 29 00 W  degrees minutes   Long: -121.4833  decimal degrees

Note: On Sacramento river; fort and trading post expanded with gold trade in 1840s; was western terminus of Pony Express and site of first California railroad in mid-19th cen.; modern ship canal built 1963; noted for Fort Sutter (1840) & State Capitol (1869-1874).

Names:
Sacramento (preferred,C,V)  ............ since 1848
Fort Sutter (H,V)
New Helvetica (H,V)  ............ from 1839 until renamed after Sacramento River in 1848

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of North and Central America (continent)  ....  North and Central America (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of United States (nation)  ........  United States (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of California (state)  ............  California (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Sacramento (county)  ................  Sacramento (county) (P)
Hierarchy of Sacramento (inhabited place)  ....................  Sacramento (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  established as the colony of New Helvetica by John Augustus Sutter & fellow Swiss immigrants in 1839
city (C)  ............  incorporated in 1850
state capital (C)  ............  since 1854
county seat (C)  ............  since 1850
agricultural center (C)
industrial center (C)
cultural center (C)
transportation center (C)
gold town (H)  ............  during late 19th cen., with discovery of gold at nearby Sutter's Mill on January 24, 1848

Sources and Contributors:
Fort Sutter..........  [VP]
.......................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 798
New Helvetica..........  [VP]
..........................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) X, 287-288
Sacramento..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.......................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 2:798
.......................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 10:286
.......................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS6027788
.......................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
.......................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1042
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 798; 2:798
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) X, 286; X, 287-288; 10:286
..................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS6027788
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1042
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988)

 

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The J. Paul Getty Trust