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ID: 7017542
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Erie (inhabited place)  Erie (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 42 07 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 42.1167  decimal degrees
Long: 080 05 00 W  degrees minutes   Long: -80.0833  decimal degrees

Note: Located on Lake Erie on natural harbor; was in territory of Erie Indians; original French fort destroyed during Pontiac Conspiracy of 1763; purchased by federal government after Revolution; grew with opening of Erie & Pittsburgh Canal and railway.

Names:
Erie (preferred,C,V)  ............ named for Erie Indians, who originally inhabited the region
Fort-Presque-Isle (H,V)  ............ name of fort built here by the French in 1753
City Of Erie (C,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of North and Central America (continent)  ....  North and Central America (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of United States (nation)  ........  United States (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Pennsylvania (state)  ............  Pennsylvania (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Erie (county)  ................  Erie (county) (P)
Hierarchy of Erie (inhabited place)  ....................  Erie (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  area was inhabited by Amerindians before arrival of French settlers in 1750s; town was laid out in 1795
city (C)
agricultural center (C)
county seat (C)  ............  since 1803
educational center (C)  ............  seat of several colleges
industrial center (C)  ............  had early iron foundries, now also produces electrical equipment, machinery, paper & railroad equipment
mining center (C)  ............  for bog ore from the bay swamps
port (C)  ............  Pennsylvania's only port on the St. Lawrence Seaway, strategic shipping point for lumber, coal, grain, iron & chemicals
shipbuilding center (C)
battlefield (H)  ............  home of most of fleet used to defeat British in Battle of Lake Erie on September 10, 1813
refugee center (H)  ............  was important station on Underground Railway for runaway slaves
fort (H)  ............  1754-1763

Sources and Contributors:
City Of Erie..........  [VP]
.......................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS42007985
Erie..........  [BHA, FDA, VP Preferred]
...........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 4:541
...........  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
...........  Times Atlas of the World (1988)
...........  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS42007985
...........  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Fort-Presque-Isle..........  [VP]
................................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IV, 541
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, VP]
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IV, 541; 4:541
..................  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1988)
..................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS42007985
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]

 

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