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ID: 7017520
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Peoria (inhabited place)  Peoria (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 40 41 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 40.6833  decimal degrees
Long: 089 35 00 W  degrees minutes   Long: -89.5833  decimal degrees

Note: Located on Illinois River at Peoria Lake; French built fort on bluffs opposite present city in 1680, but was plundered & abandoned; other settlements followed; community developed as county seat from 1820s; Lincoln denounced slavery here in 1854.

Names:
Peoria (preferred,C,V)  ............ named by the French for one of the 5 Amerindian tribes in the Illinois Confederacy
Fort Clark (H,V)  ............ name of fort on this site, named for revolutionary War general George Rogers Clark after 1813
Fort-Crèvecoeur (H,V)  ............ name of original French settlement

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of North and Central America (continent)  ....  North and Central America (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of United States (nation)  ........  United States (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Illinois (state)  ............  Illinois (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Peoria (county)  ................  Peoria (county) (P)
Hierarchy of Peoria (inhabited place)  ....................  Peoria (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  Amerindians had settlements in area; settled by French in 1680
agricultural center (C)  ............  for surrounding corn & livestock-producing area, supports brewing & distilling industries
city (C)  ............  incorporated in 1845
county seat (C)  ............  since 1825
cultural center (C)  ............  has theater & center for arts & sciences
educational center (C)
industrial center (C)  ............  home of Caterpillar Tractor Company, also produces earth-moving equipment, trailers, steel, wire, paper products & chemicals
port (C)
trade center (C)
fort (H)  ............  Fort Crévecoeur was established by French in 1680 & destroyed later the same year; Fort Clark was built in 1813

Sources and Contributors:
Fort Clark..........  [VP]
.......................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IX, 271
Fort-Crèvecoeur..........  [VP]
.............................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IX, 271
Peoria..........  [BHA, VP Preferred]
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IX, 271
.................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS17014601
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Subject: .....  [BHA, VP]
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IX, 271
..................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS17014601
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]

 

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