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ID: 7015643
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7015643

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Skopje (inhabited place)  Skopje (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 42 00 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 42.0000  decimal degrees
Long: 021 28 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 21.4667  decimal degrees

Note: Developed as Illyrian tribal center; Slavic incursion 7th cen.; grew rapidly 9th-10th cen.; ruled by Serbs from 1189, by Turks 1392-1918; burned to ground 1692; revived 19th cen.; occupied by Germans & Bulgarians WW II; damaged in earthquakes 518 & 1963.

Names:
Skopje (preferred,C,V)
Skoplje (C,V)
Üsküb (C,V)
Üsküp (C,O)  ............ Turkish name
Shkup (C,O)  ............ Albanian name
Scupi (H,O)  ............ ancient
Justiniana Prima (H,O)  ............ once thought to have been the site of Justiniana Prima, now identified with a city discovered near Caričin Grad (YUG)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (nation)  ........  The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Skopje (municipality)  ............  Skopje (municipality) (P)
Hierarchy of Skopje (inhabited place)  ................  Skopje (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  was an Illyrian center, later a Roman center
city (C)
national capital (C)  ............  of the newly formed Republic of Macedonia
commercial center (C)  ............  developed under Turks
educational center (C)  ............  for university & engineering school
industrial center (C)  ............  includes iron & steel, cement, chrome refining, agricultural machinery & woodworking
manufacturing center (C)  ............  for chemicals, textiles, glass, beer & spirits, electrical goods, ceramics, canned fruit & vegetables, tobacco & leather
transportation center (C)  ............  for rail
archaeological site (C)  ............  principally excavated from 1940s to 1960s; circular forum, acropolis, basilica & other churches, martyrium & baths
archiepiscopal see (H)  ............  archbishop's seat in Dardania
capital (H)  ............  of Roman Dardania; of Turkish-ruled Macedonia; of medieval Serbia; of Republic of Macedonia (part of former Yugoslavia)
fortified settlement (H)  ............  walls enclosed a long, narrow area on a high ridge

Related geographic places:
capital of ....  North Macedonia .......... (nation)
..................  (World, Europe) [7006667]

Sources and Contributors:
Justiniana Prima..........  [VP]
.............................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979) 815
Scupi..........  [VP]
..............  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 14799
..............  Times Atlas of World History (1989) 354
Shkup..........  [VP]
..............  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 869
Skopje..........  [BHA, VP Preferred]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 869
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) X, 867
.................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979) 815
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 185
.................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1123
Skoplje..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) X, 867
Üsküb..........  [VP]
..............  Times Atlas of World History (1989) 357
Üsküp..........  [VP]
..............  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1123
Subject: .....  [BHA, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 869
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) X, 867
..................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 14799
..................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979) 815
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 185
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1989) 354; 357
..................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1123
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]

 

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