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ID: 7014406
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Philadelphia (inhabited place)  Philadelphia (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 39 57 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 39.9500  decimal degrees
Long: 075 09 00 W  degrees minutes   Long: -75.1500  decimal degrees

Note: Located at confluence of Delaware and Schuylkill rivers; Quaker town was founded by W Penn; was thriving colonial center & active in American Revolution; later lost political and financial prestige to Washington & New York; was a strong anti-slavery power.

Names:
Philadelphia (preferred,C,V)  ............ name given by W Penn, derived from Greek to refer to idealistic "brotherly love"
City of Brotherly Love (C,V)  ............ colloquial name since colonial era

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of North and Central America (continent)  ....  North and Central America (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of United States (nation)  ........  United States (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Pennsylvania (state)  ............  Pennsylvania (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Philadelphia (county)  ................  Philadelphia (county) (P)
Hierarchy of Philadelphia (inhabited place)  ....................  Philadelphia (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  settled by Swedes in 1640s, founded by William Penn in 1681
city (C)
county seat (C)  ............  coextensive with the county
port (C)  ............  important deep-water port
industrial center (C)
commercial center (C)
financial center (C)
transportation center (C)
educational center (C)  ............  especially noted for institutions providing medical education
cultural center (C)
political center (H)  ............  especially in 18th cen., site of Continental Congress, adoption of Declaration of Independence, & Constitutional Convention
national capital (H)  ............  1790-1800
state capital (H)  ............  until 1799

Sources and Contributors:
City of Brotherly Love..........  [VP]
.........................................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 733-734
Philadelphia..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.......................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 2:733-734
.......................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.......................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 9:364, & XXV, 541 ff.
.......................  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
.......................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS42019801
.......................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 733-734; 2:733-734
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IX, 364, & XXV, 541 ff.; 9:364, & XXV, 541 ff.
..................  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
..................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS42019801
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988)

 

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