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ID: 7014218
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Newark (inhabited place)  Newark (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 40 44 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 40.7333  decimal degrees
Long: 074 10 00 W  degrees minutes   Long: -74.1667  decimal degrees

Note: Largest city in New Jersey, located on Newark Bay and Passaic River 9 miles from New York City; supply base for Washington during Revolution in 1776; is major regional industrial center; noted for many inventors and writers; site of race riots in 1967.

Names:
Newark (preferred,C,V)  ............ probably named for Newark-on-Trent, England, home of Reverend Abraham Pierson or for Biblical reference (New Ark)
Pesayak Towne (H,V)
New Milford (H,V)
Milford (H,V)
Youngs Point (H,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of North and Central America (continent)  ....  North and Central America (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of United States (nation)  ........  United States (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of New Jersey (state)  ............  New Jersey (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Essex (county)  ................  Essex (county) (P)
Hierarchy of Newark (inhabited place)  ....................  Newark (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  founded by Puritans in 1666 on land purchased from local Amerindians
city (C)  ............  incorporated in 1836
county seat (C)
port of entry (C)
industrial center (C)  ............  for chemicals, industrial machinery & distilling & for invention of malleable cast iron & electrical measuring instruments
manufacturing center (C)  ............  for electrical equipment, beverages, textiles, canned & leather goods, paint & jewelry & for invention of patent leather
transportation center (C)  ............  connected to New York City by "tube" (tunnel), is a major rail center (since ca. 1834) & international air terminal
financial center (C)  ............  especially for insurance
commercial center (C)  ............  is a major distribution center on East Coast
publishing center (C)
educational center (C)  ............  for New Jersey Institute of Technology, branches of Rugters & Seton Hall Universities & for College of Medicine & Dentistry
tourist center (C)  ............  for historic buildings, museums, parks & sculptures by Gutzon Borglum, noted for invention of flexible moving picture film
cultural center (C)  ............  noted for architecture & as home of Aaron Burr & of authors Mary Mapes Dodge, Edmund Clarence Stedman & Stephen Crane

Sources and Contributors:
Milford..........  [VP]
.................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS34004856
Newark..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 2:649
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 8:652
.................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS34004856
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 827
New Milford..........  [VP]
.......................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VIII, 652
Pesayak Towne..........  [VP]
..........................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VIII, 652
Youngs Point..........  [VP]
.......................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS34004856
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 649; 2:649
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VIII, 652; 8:652
..................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS34004856
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 827
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988)

 

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