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ID: 7013927
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Pittsburgh (inhabited place)  Pittsburgh (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 40 26 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 40.4333  decimal degrees
Long: 079 59 00 W  degrees minutes   Long: -79.9833  decimal degrees

Note: Located at strategic point, at the confluence of Allegheny & Monongahela rivers, forming the Ohio river. It is in an area of valuable natural resources; it was contested by French, British, and Native Americans in the 17th cen. The city of Pittsburgh was laid out in1764 by John Campbell in the area around the fort (now the Golden Triangle). Following the American Revolution, the town became an outfitting point for settlers traveling westward down the Ohio River. It developed as a steel manufacturing center in the 19th century; there has been urban renewal since World War II.

Names:
Pittsburgh (preferred,C,V)
Fort Pitt (H,V)  ............ name of fort after its capture from French by British 1758, named after statesman William Pitt
Fort Duquesne (H,V)  ............ name of French fort built in 1750s
Fort Trent (C,V)
Pitts-Bourg (C,V)
The Manor of Pittsburgh (C,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of North and Central America (continent)  ....  North and Central America (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of United States (nation)  ........  United States (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Pennsylvania (state)  ............  Pennsylvania (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Allegheny (county)  ................  Allegheny (county) (P)
Hierarchy of Pittsburgh (inhabited place)  ....................  Pittsburgh (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  native Americans inhabited the area, there was French fort on the site by 1754, incorporated as city in 1816
city (C)
county seat (C)  ............  since 1788
mining center (C)
port (C)
industrial center (C)  ............  first blast furnace built in 1792, today produces steel, electrical equipment, aluminum & glass
commercial center (C)  ............  industrial magnates A Carnegie, H Clay Frick, T Mellon & others built their empires here in 19th cen.
shipbuilding center (C)
transportation center (C)
educational center (C)
political center (H)  ............  noted for early disputes between labor & management in 19th cen.
battlefield (H)  ............  site of major battle with Amerindians in Westward expansion, late 18th cen.

Sources and Contributors:
Fort Duquesne..........  [VP]
..........................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS42020214
Fort Pitt..........  [VP]
....................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS42020214
Fort Trent..........  [VP]
.......................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS42020214
Pitts-Bourg..........  [VP]
.......................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS42020214
Pittsburgh..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.......................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.......................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 9:481
.......................  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
.......................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS42020214
.......................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
The Manor of Pittsburgh..........  [VP]
.........................................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS42020214
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IX, 481; 9:481
..................  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
..................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS42020214
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)

 

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