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ID: 7013866
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Lancaster (inhabited place)  Lancaster (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 40 02 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 40.0333  decimal degrees
Long: 076 18 00 W  degrees minutes   Long: -76.3000  decimal degrees

Note: Located in rich agricultural region; original settlement was on Conestoga Creek; was early center for Pennsylvania Dutch sects; produced famous Conestoga wagons & Pennsylvania (Kentucky) rifles in 18th cen.

Names:
Lancaster (preferred,C,V)  ............ named for English city & shire
Hickory Town (H,V)
Gibson's Pasture (H,V)  ............ name of original settlement on the site

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of North and Central America (continent)  ....  North and Central America (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of United States (nation)  ........  United States (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Pennsylvania (state)  ............  Pennsylvania (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Lancaster (county)  ................  Lancaster (county) (P)
Hierarchy of Lancaster (inhabited place)  ....................  Lancaster (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  founded in 1730
city (C)
county seat (C)  ............  since 1729
agricultural center (C)  ............  for cattle, dairy products, grain & tobacco
industrial center (C)  ............  was early iron-founding center, now also produces farm machinery, electrical equipment, watches & linoleum
religious center (C)  ............  is hub for Amish, Mennonite & Dunkard sects
state capital (H)  ............  1799-1812
political center (H)  ............  Continental Congress fled here from Philadelphia during Revolution in 1777; was later considered for national capital

Sources and Contributors:
Gibson's Pasture..........  [VP]
.............................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VII, 129-130
Hickory Town..........  [VP]
.......................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VII, 129-130
Lancaster..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
....................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
....................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VII, 129-130
....................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS42013784
....................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VII, 129-130
..................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS42013784
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]

 

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The J. Paul Getty Trust