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ID: 7013645
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Columbus (inhabited place)  Columbus (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 39 57 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 39.9500  decimal degrees
Long: 082 59 00 W  degrees minutes   Long: -82.9833  decimal degrees

Note: Located on flat till plain at junction of Scioto & Olentangy rivers; planned in 1812 as political center for Ohio General Assembly; grew when National (Cumberland) Road and branch of Ohio and Erie Canal reached here in 1840; damaged by floods in 1913.

Names:
Columbus (preferred,C,V)  ............ named for Christopher Columbus in 1812
Franklinton (H,V)  ............ name of settlement founded in 1797, absorbed by Columbus in 1834
Franklin (C,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of North and Central America (continent)  ....  North and Central America (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of United States (nation)  ........  United States (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Ohio (state)  ............  Ohio (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Franklin (county)  ................  Franklin (county) (P)
Hierarchy of Columbus (inhabited place)  ....................  Columbus (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  area was settled by European-Americans in 18th cen.; city was planned in 1812
city (C)
state capital (C)  ............  since 1816, when government was moved from Chillicothe
county seat (C)  ............  since 1824
transportation center (C)  ............  for road & rail traffic
commercial center (C)
industrial center (C)  ............  produces airplanes, space equipment, automobile parts, machinery, electrical equipment, glass, shoes & processed foods
university center (C)  ............  for Ohio State University (founded in 1870), Franklin University & other universities & colleges
tourist center (C)  ............  especially for annual Oktoberfest held in a restored 19th-cen. German village within the city
cultural center (C)  ............  has symphony orchestra & art museum

Related geographic places:
capital of ....  Ohio .......... (state)
..................  (World, North and Central America, United States) [7007706]

Sources and Contributors:
Columbus..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 3:476
.................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS39003930
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Franklin..........  [VP]
.................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS39003930
Franklinton..........  [VP]
.......................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) III, 476
.......................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS39003930
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) III, 476; 3:476
..................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS39003930
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1985)

 

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The J. Paul Getty Trust