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ID: 7013608
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Cleveland (inhabited place)  Cleveland (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 41 29 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 41.4833  decimal degrees
Long: 081 41 00 W  degrees minutes   Long: -81.6833  decimal degrees

Note: Located on Lake Erie at mouth of Cuyahoga River; city was laid out by surveyors from Connecticut; developed after New York State opened Erie Canal in 1825, when Ohio constructed canal to join the lake and Ohio River; industry grew after Civil War.

Names:
Cleveland (preferred,C,V)  ............ name was first spelled this way when a newpaper dropped the "a" to shorten a masthead in 1832
Cleaveland (H,V)  ............ named for founder Moses Cleaveland in 1796
Forest City (C,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of North and Central America (continent)  ....  North and Central America (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of United States (nation)  ........  United States (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Ohio (state)  ............  Ohio (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Cuyahoga (county)  ................  Cuyahoga (county) (P)
Hierarchy of Cleveland (inhabited place)  ....................  Cleveland (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  Amerindians & French established trading posts in area in 18th cen.; surveyed by Connecticut Land Company in 1796
city (C)  ............  incorporated in 1836
county seat (C)  ............  since 1810
inland port (C)  ............  major St. Lawrence Seaway port, for transshipment of lumber, copper & iron ore on Lake Erie
transportation center (C)  ............  for water, rail & road traffic
industrial center (C)  ............  for steel, aluminum, enamelware, hardware, appliances, tractors, automobiles, machine tools, petrochemicals & airplane parts
scientific center (C)  ............  headquarters for many medical & industrial research centers; has a famous zoological park & horticultural centers
educational center (C)  ............  for Case Western Reserve University, institutes of art & music, & other institutions
cultural center (C)  ............  noted for art museum & orchestra
sporting center (C)  ............  has well-known baseball & football teams

Sources and Contributors:
Cleaveland..........  [VP]
.......................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1:191
.......................  Library of Congress HABS/HAER (1987-)
.......................  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
.......................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS39003711
Cleveland..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
....................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
....................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 3:381-382
....................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS39003711
....................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Forest City..........  [VP]
.......................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS39003711
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 191; 1:191
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) III, 381-382; 3:381-382
..................  Library of Congress HABS/HAER (1987-)
..................  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
..................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS39003711
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1985)

 

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