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ID: 7013596
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Chicago (inhabited place)  Chicago (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 41 51 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 41.8500  decimal degrees
Long: 087 39 00 W  degrees minutes   Long: -87.6500  decimal degrees

Note: Located on post-glacial plain beside Lake Michigan, noted for extremes in climate. Site was visited by the French in the 17th century; it was a fur-trading post, then an Army post. It expanded greatly in the 19th century due to its strategic position; was a center of transportation and industry. Much of the city was destroyed by fire in 1871, and rebuilt. It is noted as the birthplace of an important architectural development, the steel-frame skyscraper.

Names:
Chicago (preferred,C,V)  ............ name is derived from an Amerindian word meaning "onion place"
Fort Dearborn (H,V)  ............ name of fort built in 1816 near remains of another destroyed fort of the same name

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of North and Central America (continent)  ....  North and Central America (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of United States (nation)  ........  United States (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Illinois (state)  ............  Illinois (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Cook (county)  ................  Cook (county) (P)
Hierarchy of Chicago (inhabited place)  ....................  Chicago (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  was Amerindian center for lake and river traffic, French arrived 1673, town developed rapidly with westward migration of 1820s
city (C)
county seat (C)
inland port (C)
transportation center (C)  ............  for road, water, rail and air traffic, site of O'Hare International Airport
commercial center (C)  ............  especially for exchange in commodities futures, trade shows, large banks, insurance companies and the Midwest Stock Exchange
industrial center (C)  ............  for steel, metal products, chemicals, communications equipment, electronic goods and food products
university center (C)  ............  for several prestigious universities, including Loyola, DePaul, University of Chicago, Northwestern, and University of Illinois
cultural center (C)  ............  for development of modern architecture, symphony orchestra, development of jazz, and museums of art, natural history and science; site of World's Columbian Exposition of 1893
scientific center (C)  ............  noted as site of 1st self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction, development of carbon dating & measurement of speed of light
political center (C)  ............  notorious for labor disturbances in late 19th cen. & gang warfare surrounding Prohibition of 1920s, noted for powerful mayors

Sources and Contributors:
Chicago..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1:180-181
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 3:194-195
.................  Library of Congress HABS/HAER (1987-)
.................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS17003319
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Fort Dearborn..........  [VP]
..........................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 252
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 180-181; 1:180-181
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) III, 194-195; 3:194-195
..................  Library of Congress HABS/HAER (1987-)
..................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS17003319
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 252
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1985)

 

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