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ID: 7013582
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Charleston (inhabited place)  Charleston (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 32 46 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 32.7667  decimal degrees
Long: 079 55 00 W  degrees minutes   Long: -79.9167  decimal degrees

Note: Located in SE S Carolina on Atlantic Ocean; resisted British from 1776 but was occupied 1780-1782; center of wealth and culture in South; led resistance to Union culminating in secession proclamation (1860); Civil War started here; was besieged 1863-1865.

Names:
Charleston (preferred,C,V)
Charles City and Port (H,V)
Charles Towne (H,V)  ............ named for Charles II

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of North and Central America (continent)  ....  North and Central America (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of United States (nation)  ........  United States (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of South Carolina (state)  ............  South Carolina (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Charleston (county)  ................  Charleston (county) (P)
Hierarchy of Charleston (inhabited place)  ....................  Charleston (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  founded as first English colony in S Carolina in 1670, moved across Ashley river to present location in 1680
city (C)  ............  incorporated as Charles City & Port in 1722 & reincorporated as Charleston in 1783
county seat (C)
seaport (C)  ............  major port on Atlantic, ships coal, cotton & cotton goods, petroleum products, phosphates, fertilizer, indigo & tobacco
industrial center (C)  ............  for oil refining & metallurgical works
mill center (C)  ............  for paper & pulp
manufacturing center (C)  ............  for cigars, clothing, asbestos materials & rubber products
trade center (C)  ............  17th & 18th cen. for rice & indigo, competition led to costly rivalries with neighboring states
military center (C)  ............  for US naval base (1901) expanded in WW I & WW II & Charleston Air Force Base (1941) & formerly for Forts Sumter & Moultrie
commercial center (C)  ............  notably for first US fire insurance company, founded in 1736
power production center (C)  ............  for Santee-Cooper hydroelectric project (1942)
educational center (C)  ............  for College of Charleston (1770), The Citadel, Medical University of S Carolina & for Baptist & Trident Technical colleges
tourist center (C)  ............  for Fort Sumpter National Monument (site of 1st Civil War hostilities), Battery's war monuments & historic homes & gardens
cultural center (C)  ............  for Charleston Library Society, Charleston Museum, Carolina Art Association, State Historical Society & for famous gardens
capital (H)  ............  of state until 1790, was seat of provincial congress in 1775 that created state

Sources and Contributors:
Charles City and Port..........  [VP]
......................................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 173
Charleston..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.......................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1:173
.......................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.......................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 3:126-127
.......................  Library of Congress HABS/HAER (1987-)
.......................  Times Atlas of the World (1988)
.......................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS45002693
.......................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 244
Charles Towne..........  [VP]
..........................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 173
..........................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) III, 126
..........................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS45002693
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 173; 1:173
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) III, 126; III, 126-127; 3:126-127
..................  Library of Congress HABS/HAER (1987-)
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1988)
..................  USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS45002693
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 244
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]

 

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