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ID: 7012044
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Canterbury (inhabited place)  Canterbury (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 51 16 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 51.2667  decimal degrees
Long: 001 05 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 1.0833  decimal degrees

Note: Country's principal religious center, immortalized in Chaucer's Canterbury Tales; badly damaged by Danes in 1011 and bombed during World War II; Protestants executed here under Mary I in the 1550s; weaving center in the 17th century; site of ruins of Roman walls and theater; cathedral begun in 1070; city has Norman walls also.

Names:
Canterbury (preferred,C,V,English,U)
Cantorbéry (C,O)
Cantiacorum (H,O)
Cantiensis (H,V)  ............ recorded in the Domesday Book in 1086
Cantuaria (H,V)  ............ recorded in the Domesday Book in 1086
Cantwaraburn (H,O)
Cantwarabyrig (H,O)
Durovernum (H,O)
Durovernum Cantiacorum (H,O,Latin-P,U,N)  ............ name of the ancient Roman town, founded ca. 43 CE

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of United Kingdom (nation)  ........  United Kingdom (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of England (country)  ............  England (country) (P)
Hierarchy of Kent (county)  ................  Kent (county) (P)
Hierarchy of Canterbury (inhabited place)  ....................  Canterbury (inhabited place) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Roman Empire (former nation/state/empire)  ....  Roman Empire (former nation/state/empire) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Britannia (province)  ........  Britannia (province) (P)
Hierarchy of Canterbury (inhabited place)  ............  Canterbury (inhabited place) (P,H)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  settled since pre-Roman times (ca. 200 BCE)
city (C)  ............  established as a Roman town ca. 43
archiepiscopal see (C)  ............  founded by St. Augustine of Canterbury in 597
market center (C)
religious center (C)
tourist center (C)
ancient site (C)
capital (H)  ............  of Aethelbert, King of Kent, founded ca. 560
pilgrimage center (H)  ............  during Middle Ages, as result of the murder of Thomas Beckett on December 29, 1070, until cult was supressed in the 16th century

Sources and Contributors:
Canterbury..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.......................  Bartholomew Gazetteer of Britain (1986)
.......................  Blue Guide: England (1980) 50-51
.......................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 151-152
.......................  Domesday Book (1985) 146
.......................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 814-815
.......................  New Catholic Encyclopedia (1967-1989) III, 66-68
.......................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.......................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 39
.......................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Cantiacorum..........  [VP]
.......................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 151
Cantiensis..........  [VP]
.......................  Domesday Book (1985) 146
CantorbĂ©ry..........  [VP]
.......................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-29
Cantuaria..........  [VP]
....................  Domesday Book (1985) 146
....................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 339
Cantwaraburn..........  [VP]
.......................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 151
Cantwarabyrig..........  [VP]
..........................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 151
Durovernum..........  [VP]
.......................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 151
.......................  Romano-British Placenames [online] (1999) accessed 16 August 2004
Durovernum Cantiacorum..........  [VP]
.........................................  Encyclopaedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 3 August 2004
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Bartholomew Gazetteer of Britain (1986)
..................  Blue Guide: England (1980) 50-51
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 151; I, 151-152
..................  Domesday Book (1985) 146
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 814-815
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 3 August 2004
..................  New Catholic Encyclopedia (1967-1989) III, 66-68
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -2591722
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-29
..................  Romano-British Placenames [online] (1999) accessed 16 August 2004
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 39
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 339
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]

 

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