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ID: 7011931
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Oxford (inhabited place)  Oxford (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 51 45 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 51.7500  decimal degrees
Long: 001 15 00 W  degrees minutes   Long: -1.2500  decimal degrees

Note: City allegedly founded as a nunnery by Frideswide (died 735). Famous for the 12th-century Oxford University, the country's oldest; the first college, University College, dates from 1249. Oxford was first mentioned as a town in a Saxon chronicle dated 912. Headquarters of the Royalists during the 17th-century English Civil War. A center for auto production since 1918; noted for important sytems of canals and railways.

Names:
Oxford (preferred,C,V,English,U)
juxta murum (H,V)  ............ recorded in the Domesday Book in 1086
juxta Oxeneford (H,V)  ............ recorded in the Domesday Book in 1086
Oxenaford (H,V)
Oxeneford (H,V)  ............ recorded in the Domesday Book in 1086
Oxineford (H,V)  ............ recorded in the Domesday Book in 1086
Oxnaford (H,V)  ............ used in the 10th century, meaning "ford for oxen"
Oxonia (H,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of United Kingdom (nation)  ........  United Kingdom (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of England (country)  ............  England (country) (P)
Hierarchy of Oxfordshire (county)  ................  Oxfordshire (county) (P)
Hierarchy of Oxford (inhabited place)  ....................  Oxford (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  first documented in the 10th century
city (C)
county seat (C)
university center (C)
transportation center (C)
manufacturing center (C)
episcopal see (C)  ............  since the 16th century
regional capital (C)

Sources and Contributors:
juxta murum..........  [VP]
.......................  Domesday Book (1985) 218
juxta Oxeneford..........  [VP]
.............................  Domesday Book (1985) 218
Oxenaford..........  [VP]
....................  Oxford: English Place Names (1960) 355
Oxeneford..........  [VP]
....................  Domesday Book (1985) 218
....................  Oxford: English Place Names (1960) 355
Oxford..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Bartholomew Gazetteer of Britain (1986)
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 2:701
.................  Domesday Book (1985) 218
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 9:28
.................  National Gallery of Art database, Washington (1987-)
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 147
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Oxineford..........  [VP]
....................  Domesday Book (1985) 218
Oxnaford..........  [VP]
.................  Oxford: English Place Names (1960) 355
Oxonia..........  [VP]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 701
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Bartholomew Gazetteer of Britain (1986)
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 2:701; II, 701
..................  Domesday Book (1985) 218
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 9:28
..................  National Gallery of Art database, Washington (1987-)
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -2604911
..................  Oxford: English Place Names (1960) 355
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 147
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Domesday Book (1985) 218

 

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