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ID: 7011866
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Colchester (inhabited place)  Colchester (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 51 53 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 51.8833  decimal degrees
Long: 000 54 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 0.9000  decimal degrees

Note: Britain's oldest recorded town and Britain's first Roman colony founded by Claudius ca. 43; Roman High Street; burned by Inceni Queen Boudicca in 60; legendary birthplace of Constantine; remains include castle built by William I and two 11th-century abbeys; University of Essex; from the fortified Iron Age settlement here Cunobelin (Shakespeare's Cymbeline) ruled the whole of southwestern Britain; cloth center 14th-17th centuries; famous for its oysters.

Names:
Colchester (preferred,C,V,English,U)
Camulodunu (H,O)
Camulodunum (H,O)  ............ ancient
Colcestra (H,O)
Colecastro (H,V,Early Modern English,U,N)  ............ recorded in the Domesday Book in 1086
Colecestra (H,V,Early Modern English,U,N)  ............ recorded in the Domesday Book in 1086
Colneceaste (H,O)
Colneceaster (H,O)
Colonia Camulodunum (H,O)
Colonia Claudia Victricensis (H,O)
Colonia Victucensis (H,O)
Colonia Victucensis Camalodunum (H,O)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of United Kingdom (nation)  ........  United Kingdom (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of England (country)  ............  England (country) (P)
Hierarchy of Essex (county)  ................  Essex (county) (P)
Hierarchy of Colchester (inhabited place)  ....................  Colchester (inhabited place) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Roman Empire (former nation/state/empire)  ....  Roman Empire (former nation/state/empire) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Britannia (province)  ........  Britannia (province) (P)
Hierarchy of Colchester (inhabited place)  ............  Colchester (inhabited place) (P,H)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  settled as early as Bronze Age
city (C)
manufacturing center (C)
trade center (C)
industrial center (C)
capital (H)  ............  of Cunobelin, King of Trinobantes tribe, from 40 until captured by Claudius ca. 44

Sources and Contributors:
Camulodunu..........  [VP]
.......................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
Camulodunum..........  [VP]
.......................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 13221
.......................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 339
Colcestra..........  [VP]
....................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) III, 443
Colchester..........  [BHA, VP Preferred]
.......................  Blue Guide: England (1980) 441-442
.......................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 194
.......................  Domesday Book (1985) 101
.......................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) III, 443
.......................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.......................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 47
.......................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Colecastro..........  [VP]
.......................  Domesday Book (1985) 101
Colecestra..........  [VP]
.......................  Domesday Book (1985) 101
Colneceaste..........  [VP]
.......................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) III, 443
Colneceaster..........  [VP]
.......................  Blue Guide: England (1980) 441
Colonia Camulodunum..........  [VP]
...................................  Blue Guide: England (1980) 441
Colonia Claudia Victricensis..........  [VP]
...............................................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979) 190
Colonia Victucensis..........  [VP]
...................................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
Colonia Victucensis Camalodunum..........  [VP]
.....................................................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
Subject: .....  [BHA, VP]
..................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
..................  Blue Guide: England (1980) 441; 441-442
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 194
..................  Domesday Book (1985) 101
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) III, 443
..................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 13221
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -2592989
..................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979) 190
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 47
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 339
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]

 

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