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ID: 7010393
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Lancaster (inhabited place)  Lancaster (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 54 04 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 54.0667  decimal degrees
Long: 002 50 00 W  degrees minutes   Long: -2.8333  decimal degrees

Note: Located on the River Lune; built on site of and named after a Roman camp; town was burned by Scots in 1322 and 1389; was flourishing port in the late 18th century; industries include furniture and linoleum manufacturing; noted for 15th-century St. Mary's Church which is on a Roman site and contains Anglo-Saxon work and 14th-century choirstalls; the city is dominated by its castle which has a Norman keep.

Names:
Lancaster (preferred,C,V,English,U)
Lanecastrum (H,V)  ............ used in the 11th century, meaning "Roman fort on the river Lune"
Loncastra (H,V)
Loncastre (H,V)  ............ recorded in the Domesday Book in 1086

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of United Kingdom (nation)  ........  United Kingdom (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of England (country)  ............  England (country) (P)
Hierarchy of Lancashire (county)  ................  Lancashire (county) (P)
Hierarchy of Lancaster (inhabited place)  ....................  Lancaster (inhabited place) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Roman Empire (former nation/state/empire)  ....  Roman Empire (former nation/state/empire) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Britannia (province)  ........  Britannia (province) (P)
Hierarchy of Lancaster (inhabited place)  ............  Lancaster (inhabited place) (P,H)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  was a Roman site, town was chartered in 1193
city (C)  ............  given city status in 1937
industrial center (C)
manufacturing center (C)
market center (C)
trade center (C)
county seat (H)
port (H)

Sources and Contributors:
Lancaster..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
....................  Bartholomew Gazetteer of Britain (1986)
....................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
....................  Domesday Book (1985) 155
....................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VII, 129
....................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
....................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 108
....................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
....................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 646
Lanecastrum..........  [VP]
.......................  Oxford: English Place Names (1960) 285
Loncastra..........  [VP]
....................  Oxford: English Place Names (1960) 285
Loncastre..........  [VP]
....................  Domesday Book (1985) 155
....................  Oxford: English Place Names (1960) 285
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Bartholomew Gazetteer of Britain (1986)
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Domesday Book (1985) 155
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VII, 129
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -2600656
..................  Oxford: English Place Names (1960) 285
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 108
..................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 646
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]

 

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The J. Paul Getty Trust