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ID: 7010273
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Saint Petersburg (inhabited place)  Saint Petersburg (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 59 53 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 59.8833  decimal degrees
Long: 030 15 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 30.2500  decimal degrees

Note: Located on Gulf of Finland; was important cultural center since 18th century; center of Russian Revolution 1917-1918; threatened by Hitler 1941-1942; nation's center for production of machinery and armaments; noted for 18th-century Winter Palace and Hermitage Museum.

Names:
Sankt-Peterburg (preferred,B,V)  ............ 18th century-1914, reinstated in 1991
Saint Petersburg (C,O,English-P,U,N)
Saint Petersbourg (C,O,French,U,N)
St. Petersburg (C,O)
Leningrad (H,V)  ............ from 1924-1991
Leningrado (H,O)
Petrograd (H,V)  ............ used between 1914 & 1923

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Russia (nation)  ........  Russia (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Rossiya (republic)  ............  Rossiya (republic) (P)
Hierarchy of Saint Petersburg (autonomous city)  ................  Saint Petersburg (autonomous city) (P)
Hierarchy of Saint Petersburg (inhabited place)  ....................  Saint Petersburg (inhabited place) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Russia (nation)  ........  Russia (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Rossiya (republic)  ............  Rossiya (republic) (P)
Hierarchy of Leningradskaya Oblast' (oblast)  ................  Leningradskaya Oblast' (oblast) (P)
Hierarchy of Sankt-Peterburg (metropolitan area)  ....................  Sankt-Peterburg (metropolitan area) (P)
Hierarchy of Saint Petersburg (inhabited place)  ........................  Saint Petersburg (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  settled ca. 8th cen.
city (C)  ............  founded by Peter the Great in 1703
regional capital (C)
port (C)
cultural center (C)
educational center (C)
manufacturing center (C)
weapons production center (C)
capital (H)  ............  of the Russian Empire from 1712-1918

Sources and Contributors:
Leningrad..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
....................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
....................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 111
....................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Leningrado..........  [VP]
.......................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 290
Petrograd..........  [BHA, VP]
....................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 513-514
Saint Petersbourg..........  [BHA, VP]
................................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
Saint Petersburg..........  [BHA, VP]
.............................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
.............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Sankt-Peterburg..........  [VP Preferred]
.............................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 22:953-960
.............................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
.............................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 111
.............................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 174
St. Petersburg..........  [FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
.............................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1:513-514
.............................  National Gallery of Art database, Washington (1987-)
.............................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 513-514; 1:513-514
..................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 290
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XXII, 953-960; 22:953-960
..................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
..................  National Gallery of Art database, Washington (1987-)
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 111
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 174
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1985)

 

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