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ID: 7009002
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Calais (inhabited place)  Calais (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 50 57 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 50.9500  decimal degrees
Long: 001 52 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 1.8667  decimal degrees

Note: Village was improved by Count of Flanders in 997; fortified by Count of Boulogne 1224; withstood long siege by English in 1346, until it was starved out; retrieved from English 1558; occupied by Spanish 1596-1598; returned to France by Treaty of Vervins.

Names:
Calais (preferred,C,V,English-P,U,N)
Calais (French-P,U,N)
Calais (German-P,U,N)
Kales (C,O,Dutch-P,U,N)
Calesia (H,O,Latin,U,N)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of France (nation)  ........  France (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Nord-Pas-de-Calais (region (administrative division))  ............  Nord-Pas-de-Calais (region (administrative division)) (P)
Hierarchy of Calais (inhabited place)  ................  Calais (inhabited place) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Flanders (former nation/state/empire)  ........  Flanders (former nation/state/empire) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Calais (inhabited place)  ............  Calais (inhabited place) (P,H)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)
city (C)
port (C)
industrial center (C)
transportation center (C)
fishing community (H)
village (H)

Sources and Contributors:
Calais..........  [BHA, VP Preferred]
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 731
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 37
.................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 201
Calesia..........  [VP]
.................  Concise Description of Flanders [web site] (2002)
Kales..........  [VP]
..............  Concise Description of Flanders [web site] (2002) accessed 22 Jan 2003
Subject: .....  [BHA, VP]
..................  Concise Description of Flanders [web site] (2002) accessed 22 Jan 2003
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II; 731; II, 731
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 37
..................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 201
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]

 

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The J. Paul Getty Trust